Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 277, Issue 1–2, pp 21–60 | Cite as

Chromosome numbers in Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae): survey, atlas, and taxonomic conclusions

Original Article

Abstract

Our study (survey, atlas of 136 microphotographs and 67 drawings) points out the actual chromosome numbers of 82 taxa of the genus Pinguicula L. They were gathered from literature and critically examined. In addition, numerous counts are published for the first time. They represent about 80% of all the taxa known. The basic chromosome numbers are x = 6, 8, 9, 11, and 14; the ploidy levels are 2n (diploid), 4n (tetraploid), 8n (octoploid) and 16n (hexadecaploid). The basic number x = 6 is a one-off, x = 8 and 11 are the most frequent in the genus; x = 14 indicates a hybridogenous differentiation process in the past. The caryological differentiation—chromosome numbers and ploidy level—is discussed with regard to distribution pattern, growth type, and infrageneric classification (at the level of sections).

Keywords

Pinguicula Lentibulariaceae Chromosome numbers Critical survey Atlas of microphotographs 

References

  1. Arwidsson Th (1938) Einige neue Gesichtspunkte zu den Chromosomenzahlen-Bestim mungen. Svensk Bot Tidskr 32:191–202Google Scholar
  2. Blanca G (2001) Pinguicula L. In: Paiva J, Sales F, Hedge IC, Aedo C, Aldasoro JJ, Castroviejo S, Herrero A, Velayos M (eds) Flora Iberica. Plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares, vol 14. Myoporaceae-Campanulaceae, Madrid, pp 81–96Google Scholar
  3. Blanca G, Ruiz-Rejón M, Zamora R (1999) Taxonomic revision of the genus Pinguicula L. in the Iberian Peninsula. Folia Geobot 34:337–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bolkhovskikh Z, Grif V, Matveieva T, Zakharyeva O (1969) Chromosome numbers of flowering plants (Chromosmnye čisla zvetkovych rastenij). Leningrad, pp 375–376Google Scholar
  5. Casper J (1959) Über Pinguicula reichenbachiana Schindler in Italien. Feddes Repert 61(3):274–280Google Scholar
  6. Casper SJ (1962) Revision der Gattung Pinguicula in Eurasien. Feddes Repert 66(1–2):1–148Google Scholar
  7. Casper SJ (1963a) Gedanken zur Gliederung der Gattung Pinguicula L. Bot Jahrb Syst 82:321–335Google Scholar
  8. Casper SJ (1963b) “Systematisch maßgebende” Merkmale für die Einordnung der Lentibulariaceae in das System. Österr. Bot Z 110(1):108–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Casper SJ (1966a) Once more: the orchid flowered butterworts. Brittonia 18:18–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Casper SJ (1966b) Monographie der Gattung Pinguicula L. Biblioth Bot 127(128):1–209Google Scholar
  11. Casper SJ (1974a) Eine neue Pinguicula-Art aus Mexico. Feddes Repert 88(1–2):1–6Google Scholar
  12. Casper SJ (1974b) 119. Familie Lentibulariaceae. In: Hartl D, Wagenitz G (eds) Gustav Hegi, Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa, vol 2. Aufl., pp 509–529Google Scholar
  13. Casper SJ (1984) Die Verbreitung der Gattung Pinguicula L. in Südamerika. Haussknechtia 1:17–25Google Scholar
  14. Casper SJ (2001) “Pinguicula gypsophila Wallroth” (Lentibulariaceae)—eine “Gipsrasse” aus dem Südharz. Inform Florist Kartierung Thüringen 20:5–9Google Scholar
  15. Casper SJ (2004) Pinguicula louisii Markgraf (Lentibulariaceae) in Albania. Short notice about a nearly unknown and perhaps neglected butterwort. Haussknechtia 10:239–245Google Scholar
  16. Casper SJ (2007) Pinguicula lippoldii nova spec. and Pinguicula toldensis nova spec.—two endemic Pinguicula species (Lentibulariaceae) from East Cuba new to science. Wulfenia 14:75–96Google Scholar
  17. Casper SJ, Kondo K (1977) A new species of Pinguicula from Mexico (Lentibulariaceae). Brittonia 29(1):112–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Casper SJ, Stimper R (2004) Chromosome numbers in the Pinguicula crystallina–hirtiflora aggregate—a preliminary note. Haussknechtia 10:247–251Google Scholar
  19. Casper SJ, Stimper R (2006) New and revised chromosome numbers in Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae). Haussknechtia 11:3–8Google Scholar
  20. Čeřovský J, Feráková V, Holub J†, Maglocký S, Procházka F (1999) Červená kniha ohrožených a vzácných druhů rostlin a živočichů ČR a SR, vol. 5. Vyšší rostliny. Bratislava (Pinguicula p. 282, elaborated by F. Procházka, M. Studnička)Google Scholar
  21. Cieslack T, Polepalli JS, White A, Müller K, Borsch T, Barthlott W, Steiger J, Marchant A, Legendre L (2005) Phylogenetic analysis of Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae): chloroplast DNA sequences and morphology reveal several geographically distinct radiations. Amer J Bot 92(10):1723–1736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Conchon O (1986) Quaternary glaciations in Corsica. In: Sibrava V, Bowen DQ, Richmond GM (eds) Quaternary glaciation in the Northern Hemisphere. Oxford, pp 429–432Google Scholar
  23. Contandriopoulos J (1957) Contribution à l’étude caryologique des endémiques de la Corse. Ann Fac Sc Marseille 26:51–65Google Scholar
  24. Contandriopoulos J (1962) Recherches sur la flore endémique de la Corse et sur ses origines. Ann Fac Sc Marseille 32:1–354Google Scholar
  25. Contandriopoulos J, Quezel P (1974) A propos de l’étude caryologique de quelques Pinguicula de Grèce et de Turquie, et en particulier du complexe Pinguicula hirtiflora Ten. Rev Biol Écol Médit 1(1):27–31Google Scholar
  26. Conti F, Peruzzi L (2006) Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) in central Italy: taxonomic study. Ann Bot Fenn 43:321–337Google Scholar
  27. Darlington CD (1956) Chromosome botany. LondonGoogle Scholar
  28. Darlington CD, Wylie AF (1955) Chromosome atlas of flowering plants, 2nd edn. London, p 317Google Scholar
  29. Degtjareva GV, Casper SJ, Hellwig FH, Schmidt AR, Steiger J, Sokoloff DD (2006) Morphology and nrITS phylogeny of the genus Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae), with special attention to embryo evolution. Pl Biol 8:778–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Deil U (1989) Adiantetea-Gesellschaften auf der Arabischen Halbinsel, Coenosyntaxa in dieser Klasse sowie allgemeine Überlegungen zur Phylogenie von Pflanzengesellschaften. Flora 182:247–264Google Scholar
  31. Dobeš C, Hahn B, Morawetz W (1997) Chromosomenzahlen zur Gefässpflanzen-Flora Österreichs. Linzer Biol Beitr 29(1):5–43Google Scholar
  32. Dostál J (1989) Nová květena ČSSR, vol 2. Praha, p 959Google Scholar
  33. Doulat E (1947) Recherches caryologiques sur quelques Pinguicula. Compt Rend Hebd Séances Acad Sci 225:354–356Google Scholar
  34. Duncan RE (1945) Production of variable aneuploid numbers of chromosomes within the root tips of Paphiopedilum wardii Summerhayes. Amer J Bot 32:506–509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Favarger C, Contandriopoulos J (1961) Essai sur l’endémisme. Bull Soc Bot Suisse 71:383–408Google Scholar
  36. Gamisans J (1976) La végetation des montagnes corses. Première partie. Phytocoenologia 3:425–498 (quoted following Mayer 1990)Google Scholar
  37. Gamisans J (1977) La végetation des montagnes corses. Phytocoenologia 4:35–131 (deuxième partie); 133–179. (troisième partie); 317–376 (quatrième partie) (quoted following Mayer 1990)Google Scholar
  38. Gamisans J (1978) La végetation des montagnes corses. Cinquième partie. Phytocoenologia 4:377–432 (quoted following Mayer 1990)Google Scholar
  39. Godfrey RK, Stripling HL (1961) A synopsis of Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) in the Southeastern United States. Amer Midl Naturalist 66(2):395–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Goldblatt P (ed) (1981) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1975–1978. Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 5, p 299Google Scholar
  41. Goldblatt P (ed) (1984) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1979–1981. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 8, p 223Google Scholar
  42. Goldblatt P (ed) (1985) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1982–1983. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 13, p 118Google Scholar
  43. Goldblatt P (ed) (1988) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1984–1985. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 23, p 133Google Scholar
  44. Goldblatt P, Johnson DE (eds) (1991) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1988–1989. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 40, p 122Google Scholar
  45. Goldblatt P, Johnson DE (eds) (1994) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1990–1991. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 51, p 122Google Scholar
  46. Goldblatt P, Johnson DE (eds) (1996) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1992–1993. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 58, p 136Google Scholar
  47. Goldblatt P, Johnson DE (eds) (2000) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1996–1997. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 81, p 89Google Scholar
  48. Goldblatt P, Johnson DE (eds) (2003) Index to plant chromosome numbers 1998–2000. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard., vol 94, p 153Google Scholar
  49. Greilhuber J, Borsch T, Müller K, Worberg A, Porembski S, Barthlott W (2006) Smallest angiosperm genomes found in Lentibulariaceae, with chromosomes of bacterial size. Pl Biol 8:770–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Hagerup O (1932) Über Polyploidie in Beziehung zu Klima, Ökologie und Phylogenie. Hereditas 16:19–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Hattori M, Saito K, Sato D (2001) Latinamerica Pinguicula. 2001: VIII (no pag.) + 1–106 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  52. Heitz E (1926) Der Nachweis der Chromosomen. Vergleichende Studien über ihre Zahl, Größe und Form im Pflanzenreich. I. Z Bot 18(11–12):625–681Google Scholar
  53. Hollingsworth PM, Gornall RJ, Bailey JP (1992) Contribution to a cytological catalogue of the British and Irish flora, 2. Watsonia 19:134–137Google Scholar
  54. Honsell E (1959) Ricerche citotassonomiche su Pinguicula hirtiflora Ten. Annali Bot (Rome) 26(2):177–188Google Scholar
  55. Jobson RW, Playford J, Cameron KM, Albert VA (2003) Molecular phylogenetics of Lentibulariaceae inferred from plastid rps16 intron and trnL-F DNA sequences: implications for character evolution and biogeography. Syst Bot 28(1):157–171Google Scholar
  56. Jørgensen CA, Sørensen T, Westergaard M (1958) The flowering plants of Greenland. A taxonomical and cytological survey. Biol Skr 9(4):1–172Google Scholar
  57. Kadono V (1993) Pinguicula. In: Iwatsuki K, Yamazaki T, Boufford David E, Ohba H (eds) Flora of Japan, Vol. IIIa. Angiospermae, Dicotyledoneae, Sympetalae. Tokyo, p 400Google Scholar
  58. Kirchner B (1981) Pinguicula esseriana (Lentibulariaceae) eine neue Art aus Mexiko. Willdenowia 11:317–319Google Scholar
  59. Knaben G (1950) Chromosome numbers of Scandinavian arctic-alpine plant species. I. Blyttia 8:129–155Google Scholar
  60. Komiya S, Shibata Ch (1998) A comparative-study of Pinguicula ramosa Miyoshi and P. variegata Trucz. (sic!). Ecology and morphology. ICPS Bonn 1998Google Scholar
  61. Kondo M (1969) Chromosome numbers of carnivorous plants. Bull Torrey Bot Club 96:322–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kondo K (1973) The chromosome numbers of four species of carnivorous plants. Phyton (Argentina) 31(2):93–94Google Scholar
  63. Kondo K, Shimai H (2006) Phylogenetic analysis of the northern Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence. Acta Phytotax Geobot 57(2):155–164Google Scholar
  64. Krahulcová A, Jarolímová V (1991) Relationship between Pinguicula bohemica Krajina and Pinguicula vulgaris L. (Lentibulariaceae) from the karyological point of view. (Vztah mezi Pinguicula bohemica Krajina a Pinguicula vulgaris L. (Lentibulariaceae) z hlediska karyologie). Preslia 63:323–328Google Scholar
  65. Krajina V (1927) Pinguicula bohemica, species nova a sectione Pionophyllum DC. Věstn. Česke Společn. Nauk, Tř. Mat.-Přír. 1926(15):1–13Google Scholar
  66. Krogulevich RE (1976) Chromosome numbers of plant species from the Tunkinsky Alpes (East Sayan). News Sib. Depart. Ac. Sci. USSR, ser. Biol 15(3):46–52 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  67. Krogulevich RE (1978) Kariologicheskij analiz vidov flory Vostochnogo Sajana V. In: Malyshev LI, Peshlcova GA (eds) Flora Pribajkal’ja. Novosibirsk, pp 19–48 (In Russian)Google Scholar
  68. Krogulevich RE, Rostovzeva TC (1984) Chromosomnych čisla zvetkovych rastenij sibiri i Dalnego Vostoka. Novosibirsk (not seen)Google Scholar
  69. Kubát K (2002) Klič ke květené České republiky. Praha (Lentibulariaceae elaborated by Z. Kaplan, p 572)Google Scholar
  70. Laane MM (1965) Kromosomunder hos noen norske planter. Blyttia 23:169–189Google Scholar
  71. Laane MM (1967) Chromosome numbers in the flora of eastern Finmark. II. Blyttia 25:45–54Google Scholar
  72. Laane MM (1969) Further chromosome studies in Norwegian vascular plants. Blyttia 27:5–17Google Scholar
  73. Larsen K (1965) In IOPB chromosome number reports. Taxon 14:91Google Scholar
  74. Ledebour CF (1847) Flora Rossica, vol 3(1). Stuttgart, pp 2–4Google Scholar
  75. Legendre L (2000) The genus Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae): an overview. Acta Bot Gallica 147(1):77–95Google Scholar
  76. Lid J (1987) Norsk, Svennek, Finsk Flora. Oslo, p 451Google Scholar
  77. Löve A, Kjellqvist E (1974) Cytotaxonomy of Spanish plants. IV. Dicotyledons: Caesalpiniaceae–Asteraceae. Lagascalia 4:153–211Google Scholar
  78. Löve A, Löve D (1948a; “1944”) Cyto-taxonomical studies on boreal plants. III. Some new chromosome numbers of Scandinavian plants. Ark Bot 31A(4):1–32Google Scholar
  79. Löve A, Löve D (1948b) Chromosome numbers of northern plant species. Repts Dept Agr Univ Inst Appl Sci (Iceland) ser B 3:9–131Google Scholar
  80. Löve A, Löve D (1956) Cytotaxonomical conspectus of the Icelandic flora. Acta Horti Gotob 20(4):65–291Google Scholar
  81. Löve A, Löve D (1961) Chromosome numbers of Central and Northwest European plant species. Opera Bot 5, p 315]Google Scholar
  82. Löve A, Löve D (1975) Cytotaxonomical atlas of the Arctic flora. Vaduz, p 446Google Scholar
  83. Löve A, Löve D (1982) In: Löve A, Löve D (eds) IOPB chromosome number reports LXXV. Taxon 31:344–360Google Scholar
  84. Lövkvist B (1963) In: Weimarck H (ed) Skanes flora. LundGoogle Scholar
  85. Lövkvist B, Hultgård U-M (1999) Chromosome numbers in south Swedish vascular plants. Opera Bot 137:1–42Google Scholar
  86. Luhrs H, Lampard SE (2006) A new species of Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) from Nueva León, México. Carniv Pl Newslett 35(1):4–9Google Scholar
  87. Májovský J et al. (1976) Index of chromosome numbers of Slovakian flora, 5. Acta Fac Rerum Nat Univ Comenianae Bot 25:1–18Google Scholar
  88. Májovský J, Murín A, Feráková V, Hindáková M, Schwarzová T, Uhríková V, Váchová M, Záborský J (1987) Karyotaxonomický prekl’ad flóry Slovenska. Bratislava, p 266Google Scholar
  89. Mayer H (1990) Die Wälder Korsikas. Wanderungen durch ein Waldparadies, vol 2, durchgesehene Auflage. Stuttgart–New York, p 64, 66Google Scholar
  90. Malyshev LN (1976) Flora Putorana. Materialij k poznaniju osobennostej sostava i genezisa gornych subarktičeskich flor Sibiri. Novosibirsk, pp 86, 154, 225Google Scholar
  91. McVaugh R, Mickel JT (1963) Notes on Pinguicula, sect. Orcheosanthus. Brittonia 15(2):134–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Mikeladse T (1996) Der crystallina-hirtiflora-Sippenkomplex in der Gattung Pinguicula, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von P. crystallina. Diplomarbeit, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (manuscript, unpublished)Google Scholar
  93. Mikeladse T, Casper SJ (1997) Der crystallina-hirtiflora-Sippenkomplex in der Gattung Pinguicula L. Haussknechtia Beiheft 7:39–40Google Scholar
  94. Moore DM (1982) Flora Europaea check-list and chromosome index. Cambridge, p 216Google Scholar
  95. Müller K, Borsch T, Legendre L, Porembski S, Theisen J, Barthlott W (2004) Evolution of carnivory in Lentibulariaceae and the Lamiales. Pl Biol 6:477–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Müller KF, Borsch T, Legendre L, Porembski S, Barthlott W (2006) Recent progress in understanding the evolution of carnivorous Lentibulariaceae (Lamiales). Pl Biol 8:748–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Murín A (1976) see Májovský J et al (1976)Google Scholar
  98. Murín A, Háberová L, Žamsran C (1980) Karyological studies of some species of the Mongolian flora. Folia Geobot Phytotax 15:395–405Google Scholar
  99. Peruzzi L (2004) Contribution to the cytotaxonomical knowledge of the genus Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae): a synthesis of karyological data. Carniv Pl Newslett 33(4):103–110Google Scholar
  100. Peruzzi L (2005) Il genere Pinguicula L. (Lentibulariaceae) in Italia: lo stato dell’arte. AIPC, Magazino n.4, VIII, pp 4–15Google Scholar
  101. Peruzzi L, Passalacqua NG, Cesca G (2004) Pinguicula crystallina Sibth. et Smith subsp. hirtiflora (Ten.) Strid (Lentibulariaceae) in Calabria (South Italy). Cytotaxonomical study and ex situ conservation in the Botanic Garden of Calabria University. Carniv Pl Newslett 33(3):68–74Google Scholar
  102. Quézel P (1968) Signification phytosociologique de Gesnériacées grecques. Collect Bot 7:947–973Google Scholar
  103. Radford AE, Ahles HE, Bell CR (1983) Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas (ninth printing). Chapel Hill, pp 967–968Google Scholar
  104. Rondeau JH, Steiger JF (1997) Pinguicula macroceras subsp. nortensis, a new subspecies of Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) from the California–Oregon border. Int Pinguicula Study Group Newsletter 8:3–8Google Scholar
  105. Schlauer J (1974) Auf der Suche nach den Fettkräutern (Pinguicula L., Lentibulariaceae) der Abruzzen—nebst einigen Anmerkungen zur Systematik von Pinguicula im Mittelmeerraum. Palmengarten 58(1):60–67Google Scholar
  106. Schmidt A (1998) Sequenzanalysen an europäischen Pinguicula-Arten unter Verwendung der internal transcribed spacer (ITS)—Region der ribosomalen Kern-DNA. Diplomarbeit FSU Jena (unpublished)Google Scholar
  107. Schotsman HD (1970) Contribution à la caryologie des angiospermes de la Sologne et du Val de Loire. Bull Centr Études Rech Sci 8:21–63Google Scholar
  108. Shuka L, Xhulaj M, Kashta L, Casper SJ (2007) The genus Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) in Albania—a critical review. Wulfenia 14:15–65Google Scholar
  109. Skalińska M, Czapik R, Piotrowicz M et al (1959) Further studies in chromosome number of Polish angiosperms. Acta Soc Bot Polon 28:487–529Google Scholar
  110. Sokolovskaja AP (1968) A karyological investigation of the flora of the Korjakian land. Bot Zhurn 53:99–105Google Scholar
  111. Sokolovskaja AP (1972) Karyologicheskaya kharakteristika predstavisteley flory Leningradskoy oblasti. Vestn Leningradsk Univ 21:56–63Google Scholar
  112. Sokolovskaja AP, Strelkova OS (1960) Geograficheskoye raprostanie poliploidnich vidov rasteniy v evrasiatskoy arktike. Bot Zhurn 45:369–381Google Scholar
  113. Sorsa V (1963) Chromosomenzahlen finnischer Kormophyten. II. Ann Acad Sci Fenn ser A, IV, Biol 68:1–14Google Scholar
  114. Speta F, Fuchs F (1982) Neue Pinguicula-Arten (Lentibulariaceae) aus Mexico. Stapfia 10:11–119Google Scholar
  115. Stace C (1997) New flora of the British Isles, 2nd edn. Cambridge, pp 632–633Google Scholar
  116. Steiger JF (1970) Schweizerische Pinguicula-Arten. Beiträge Kart. Schweizer Flora 3:1–8Google Scholar
  117. Steiger JF (1973) Pinguicula L., Fettblatt. In: Heß HE, Landolt E, Hirzel R (eds) Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete, vol 3. Plumbaginaceae bis Compositae. Basel and Stuttgart, pp 260–264Google Scholar
  118. Steiger JF (1974) Chromosome numbers of Pinguicula vallisneriifolia and P. macroceras. Carniv Pl Newslett 3:32Google Scholar
  119. Steiger JF (1975) The Pinguicula species of the temperate growth type and their cultivation. Carniv Pl Newslett 7(2):8–18Google Scholar
  120. Steiger JF (1998) Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae): the cool climate species of the Northern Hemisphere morphology, biology, cultivation (only incomplete copy seen)Google Scholar
  121. Stern FG (1949) Chromosome number and taxonomy. Proc Linn Soc 161:119–128Google Scholar
  122. Stosch von HA (1952) Die Verwendung von Chloralhydrat oder Phenol zur Aufhellung und von Phenol-Balsam als Einschlussmittel für Essigkarminpräparate. Theor Appl Genet 22(9):269–272Google Scholar
  123. Strid A, Franzen R (1981) Chromosome numbers in plants of Mt Olympus. In: Löve A (ed) IOPB chromosome number reports LXXIII. Taxon 30:829–842Google Scholar
  124. Studnička M (1981) The Czech butterwort Pinguicula bohemica. Carniv Pl Newslett 10(2):38, 40, 44–47Google Scholar
  125. Studnička M (1989) Studie kriticky ohroženého druhu Pinguicula bohemica se zřetelem na možnosti jeho záchrany (An essay on the critically endangered species Pinguicula bohemica regarding its livesaving). Thesis, Bot. Ústav AV ČR Průhonice near PragueGoogle Scholar
  126. Studnička M (2006) Masožravé rostliny—objekt badatelů, dobrodruhů a snílků. Praha 2006 (in Czech), pp 19–69Google Scholar
  127. Studnička M, Hejny S (1992) Does Pinguicula bohemica exist? Carniv Pl Newslett 21(3):64–67Google Scholar
  128. Takhtajan AL (1990) Čisla chromosom zvetkovych rastenij flory SSSR. Aceraceae–Menyanthaceae (Numeri chromnosomatum Magnoliophytorum Florae URSS. Aceraceae–Menyanthaceae), LeningradGoogle Scholar
  129. Tammaro F, Pace L (1987) Il genere Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) in Italia centrale ed istituzione di una nuova specie P. fiorii Tamm. et Pace. Inform Bot Ital 19:429–436Google Scholar
  130. Tischler G (1928) Über die Verwendung der Chromosomenzahl für phylogenetische Probleme bei den Angiospermen. Biol Zentralbl 48:321–345Google Scholar
  131. Tischler G (1934) Die Bedeutung der Polyploidie für die Verbreitung der Angiospermen, erläutert an den Arten Schleswig-Holsteins, mit Ausblicken auf andere Florengebiete. Bot Jahrb Syst 67:1–36Google Scholar
  132. Tischler G (1950) Die Chromosomenzahlen der Gefäßpflanzen Mitteleuropas. ′S-Graven–hageGoogle Scholar
  133. Tzvelev NN (1996) Lentibulariaceae. In: Charkevicz et al. (red) Sosudistye rastenija sovetskogo Dalnego Vostoka, vol 8. Sankt Peterburg, pp 261–264Google Scholar
  134. Uchiyama H (1990) Chromosome number of Pinguicula vulgaris var. macroceras from Japan. Chromos Info Serv (CIS) 49:24–25Google Scholar
  135. Webb DA (1975) Pinguicula L. In: Stace CA (ed) Hybridization and the Flora of the British Isles. London, New York, San Francisco, p 382Google Scholar
  136. Wisskirchen R, Haeupler H (1998) Standardliste der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands mit Chomosomenatlas von F. Albers. Stuttgart (Hohenheim), p 594Google Scholar
  137. Wood CE Jr, Godfrey RK (1957) Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) in the Southeastern United States. Rhodora 59(705):217–230Google Scholar
  138. Yoshimura K (1973) Studies on the chromosome number and caryotype of P. ramosa (Lentibulariaceae). J Japan Bot 48(10):289–294Google Scholar
  139. Zamora R, Jamilena M, Ruiz Rejón M, Blanca G (1996) Two new species of the carnivorous genus Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae) from Mediterranean habitats. Pl Syst Evol 2000:41–60Google Scholar
  140. Zamudio Ruiz S, Rzedowski J (1991) Dos especies nuevas de Pinguicula de Oaxaca. Acta Bot Mex 14:23–32Google Scholar
  141. Zamudio Ruiz S (1997) Redescubrimento de Pinguicula clivorum Standl. et Steyerm. (Lentibulariaceae), una especie rara de Guatemala y Mexico. Acta Bot Mexicana 39:61–65Google Scholar
  142. Zamudio Ruiz S (2001) Revisión de la sección Orcheosanthus, del genero Pinguicula (Lentibulariaceae). Tesis. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  143. Zhukova PG (1967) Chromosome number in some species of plants in the north-eastern part of the USSR. II. Bot Zhurn 52:983–987Google Scholar
  144. Zhukova PG, Tikhonova AD (1971) Chromosome numbers of certain plant species indigenous to Chukotsky province. Bot Zhurn 56:868–875Google Scholar
  145. Zurzycki J (1953) Studia nad poskimi tlustoszami (Pinguicula vulgaris) [=Studies in Pinguicula species occurring in Poland]. Fragm Florist Geobot 1(1):16–31Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Institut für Spezielle BotanikJenaGermany

Personalised recommendations