Phylogenetic position of the genus Ferula (Apiaceae) and its placement in tribe Scandiceae as inferred from nrDNA ITS sequence variation

  • Renata Kurzyna-Młynik
  • Alexei A. Oskolski
  • Stephen R. Downie
  • Rafał Kopacz
  • Aneta Wojewódzka
  • Krzysztof Spalik
Original Article


Recent molecular systematic investigations suggested that Ferula, an umbellifer genus of about 170 species, is polyphyletic, with its members placed in the apioid superclade and within tribe Scandiceae. We analyzed ITS sequence variation from 134 accessions of Apiaceae, including 83 accessions (74 species) of Ferula to ascertain the phylogenetic position of the genus within the family. Phylogenetic analyses of these data using maximum parsimony, Bayesian, and neighbor-joining methods support the monophyly of Ferula upon the addition of Dorema and Leutea (as Ferula sensu lato) and its placement in tribe Scandiceae. Ferula sensu is closely allied with other major lineages of Scandiceae, corresponding to subtribes Scandicinae, Daucinae, and Torilidinae. Therefore, we recognize the Ferula clade as subtribe Ferulinae. Another addition to tribe Scandiceae is a clade composed of genera Glaucosciadium and Mozaffariania. The three accessions of Ferula misplaced in the apioid superclade represent a species of Silaum.


Apiaceae Ferula Ferulinae nrDNA ITS Phylogeny Scandiceae Umbelliferae 



The authors thank the curators of LE, JACA, KRA, VAL, VIT, and WA for access to herbarium material; Jean-Pierre Reduron, Yousef Ajani, Pilar Catalán, and Ernesto Perez for plant or DNA samples; Jean-Pierre Reduron for comments on Silaum; and Anna Łach, Piotr Bębas, and Jenny Cordes for laboratory assistance. This research was supported by KBN grant 6 P04C 039 21 to K.S.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Kurzyna-Młynik
    • 1
  • Alexei A. Oskolski
    • 2
  • Stephen R. Downie
    • 3
  • Rafał Kopacz
    • 1
  • Aneta Wojewódzka
    • 1
    • 4
  • Krzysztof Spalik
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Systematics and Geography, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of WarsawWarszawaPoland
  2. 2.Botanical MuseumKomarov Botanical InstituteSt PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of Plant BiologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  4. 4.Botanic Garden of University of WarsawWarszawaPoland

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