Advertisement

Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 273, Issue 3–4, pp 201–209 | Cite as

Floral anatomy of the Lecointea clade (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Swartzieae sensu lato)

  • Vidal de Freitas Mansano
  • Simone de Pádua Teixeira
Original Article

Abstract

Flower and inflorescence anatomy and morphology of Exostyles, Harleyodendron, Holocalyx, Lecointea, and Zollernia (Leguminosae, Lecointea clade) were studied. Features common to all genera but otherwise rare within the Leguminosae include: (1) the presence of phenolic compounds in the epidermal cells of the anthers and subepidermal cells of the bracteoles, sepals, petals, and ovaries (absent in Holocalyx balansae); (2) simple trichomes on the adaxial base of the bracteoles and on the surface of the calyx and ovaries; and (3) tapetum persisting until the androspores are formed. Other notable anatomical features are: (1) colleters on the adaxial bases of the bracts and bracteoles of Holocalyx balansae and Zollernia ilicifolia; (2) trichomes on the anthers of Harleyodendron unifoliolatum, Holocalyx balansae, Lecointea hatschbachii, Zollernia ilicifolia and Z. magnifica; (3) osmophores on the petals of Exostyles godoyensis; (4) asynchronous pollen development in the anthers of Holocalyx balansae and Zollernia magnifica; and (5) vascular bundles surrounded by lignified fibers in Harleyodendron unifoliolatum. These anatomical characters are discussed according to their possible phylogenetic implications.

Keywords

Anatomy Colleters Phenolic compounds Trichomes Zollernia Exostyles Harleyodendron Holocalyx 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Maria Dolores Seabra Ferreira, José Augusto Maulin, Vani Maria Alves Corrêa (BCMBP, FMRP-USP) and Elliot Watanabe Kitajima (NAP/MEPA, ESALQ) for their technical assistance and Benjamin Torke for reading a previous version of the manuscript. Finally, we would like to express our thanks to the two anonymous reviewers for their useful comments. The first author thanks FAPESP (process number 98/07780) and Petrobras (agreement Petrobras/Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden: 610.4.025.02.3) for financial support.

References

  1. Appezato-da-Gloria B, Estelita MEM (2000) Development, structure and distribution of colleters in Mandevilla illustris and M. velutina (Apocynaceae). Braz J Bot 23(2):113–120Google Scholar
  2. Fahn A (1974) Anatomia vegetal. 2nd edn., H. Blume, MadridGoogle Scholar
  3. Fahn A (1979) Secretory tissues in plants. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Gerlach G (1969) Botanische Mikrotechnik, eine Einführung. Georg Thieme, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  5. Harborne JB (1980) Plant phenolics. In: Bell EA, Charlwood BV (eds) Encyclopedia of plant physiology. Vol. 8. Secondary plant products. Springer, Berlin, pp 329–395Google Scholar
  6. Harborne JB (1996) The flavonoids. Advances in research since 1986. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. Herendeen PS (1995) Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Swartzieae. In: Crisp MD, Doyle JJ (eds) Advances in legume systematics. Pt. 7. Phylogeny. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, pp 123–132Google Scholar
  8. Holmgren PK, Holmgren NH (eds) (1998 onwards, continuously updated). Index Herbariorum. New York Botanical Garden. http://sciweb.nybg.org/science2/IndexHerbariorum.asp
  9. Ireland HE (2008) Taxonomic changes in the South American genus Bocoa (Leguminosae-Swartzieae): reinstatement of the name Trischidium, and a synopsis of both genera. Kew Bull (In press)Google Scholar
  10. Ireland HR, Pennington T, Preston J (2000) Molecular systematics of the Swartzieae. In: Herendeen PS, Bruneau A (eds) Advances in legume systematics. Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, pp 217–231Google Scholar
  11. Johansen DA (1940) Plant microtechnique. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Lersten NL (1974) Morphology and distribution of colleters and crystals in relation to the taxonomy and bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis of Psychotria (Rubiaceae). Amer J Bot 61:973–981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Magalhães AF, Magalhães EG, Tozzi AMGA, Blanco IS, Nogueira MA (1997) Three dibenzoylmethane derivatives from Lonchocarpus latifolius and L. muehlbergianus. Phytochemistry 46:1029–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Magalhães AF, Magalhães EG, Ruiz ALTG, Tozzi AMGA (1999) Dihydroflavonols and flavanones from Lonchocarpus atropurpureus roots. Phytochemistry 52:1681–1685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Magalhães AF, Tozzi AMGA, Magalhães EG, Nogueira MA, Queiróz SCN (2000) Flavonoids from Lonchocarpus latifolius roots. Phytochemistry 55:787–792PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mansano VF (2002) Revisão taxonômica do gênero Zollernia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Swartzieae) e estudos de ontogenia floral e filogenia no ramo Lecointea. Dissertation (unpublished), State University of Campinas, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  17. Mansano VF, Tucker SC, Tozzi AMGA (2002) Floral ontogeny of Lecointea, Zollernia, Exostyles, and Harleyodendron (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Swartzieae s.l.). Amer J Bot 89:1553–1569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mansano VF, Tozzi AMGA, Lewis GP (2004a) A revision of the South American genus Zollernia Wied-Neuw. and Nees (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Swartzieae). Kew Bull 59:521–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mansano VF, Bittrich V, Tozzi AMGA, Souza AP (2004b) Composition of the Lecointea clade (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae, Swartzieae), a re-evaluation based on combined evidence from morphology and molecular data. Taxon 53:1007–1018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Moço MCC (2002) Desenvolvimento floral em Adesmia latifolia (Spreng.) Vogel (Leguminosae–Papilionoideae). Dissertation(unpublished), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto AlegreGoogle Scholar
  21. Mueller RJ (1985) Determinate branch development in Alstonia scholaris (Apocynaceae)—the plagiotropic module. Amer J Bot 72:1435–1444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. O’Brien TP, Feder N, McCully ME (1964) Polychromatic staining of plant cell walls by Toluidine Blue O. Protoplasma 59:368–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. O’Brien TP, McCully ME (1981) The study of plant structure: principles and selected methods. Termarcarphi PTY Ltd., MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  24. Paiva EAS, Machado SR (2006a) Ontogênese, ultra-estrutura e secreção dos coléteres de Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Caryocaraceae). Braz J Biol 66(1b):301–308PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Paiva EAS, Machado SR (2006b) Ontogenesis, structure and ultrastructure of Hymenaea stigonocarpa (Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae) colleters. Int J Trop Biol 54(3):943–950Google Scholar
  26. Pennington RT, Lavin M, Ireland H, Klitgaard B, Preston J, Hu J (2001) Phylogenetic relationships of basal papilionoid legumes based upon sequences of chloroplast trnL intron. Syst Bot 26:537–556Google Scholar
  27. Polhill RM (1981) Papilionoideae. In: Polhill RM, Raven PH (eds) Advances in legume systematics. Pt. 1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, pp 191–208Google Scholar
  28. Polhill RM (1994) Complete synopsis of legume genera. In: Bisby FA, Buckingham J, Harborne JB (eds) Phytochemical dictionary of the Leguminosae. vol. 1., Chapman and Hall, New York, pp 49–54Google Scholar
  29. Rosenfeldt S, Galati BG (2005) Ubisch bodies and pollen ontogeny in Oxalis articulata Savigny. Biocell 29:271–278PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Sampaio DS (2005) Ontogênese floral, esporo e gametogênese em anteras de Aeschynomene falcata (Poir.) DC. e Aeschynomene sensitiva Sw. (Papilionoideae–Leguminosae). Dissertation, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulGoogle Scholar
  31. Stern WL, Curry KJ, Whitten WM (1986) Staining fragrance glands in orchid flowers. Bull Torrey Bot Club 113:288–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor ML, Osborn JM (2006) Pollen ontogeny in Brasenia (Cabombaceae, Nymphaeales). Amer J Bot 93:344–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Teixeira SP, Borba EL, Semir J (2004) Lip anatomy and its implications for the pollination mechanisms of Bulbophyllum species (Orchidaceae). Ann Bot 93:499–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Thomas V (1991) Structural, functional and phylogenetic aspects of the colleter. Ann Bot 68:287–305Google Scholar
  35. Thomas V, Dave Y (1990) Mode of secretion in the colleters of Alstonia scholaris (Apocynaceae). Phyton 30:209–212Google Scholar
  36. Torke BM, Schaal BA (2008) Molecular Pylogenetics of the Species-rich Neotropical genus Swartzia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) and Related Genera of the Swartzioid Clade. Amer J Bot 95(2):915–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tucker SC (1993) Floral ontogeny in Sophoreae (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae). 1. Myroxylon (Myroxylon group) and Castanospermum (Angylocalyx group). Amer J Bot 80:65–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tucker SC (1997) Floral evolution, development, and convergence: the hierarchical-significance hypothesis. Int J Pl Sci 158:S143–S161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Vogel S (1963) Duftdrüsen im Dienste der Bestäubung. Über Bau und Funktion der Osmophoren. Abh Math-Naturwiss Kl Akad Wiss Mainz 1962:601–793Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vidal de Freitas Mansano
    • 1
  • Simone de Pádua Teixeira
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São Paulo (USP)Ribeirão PretoBrazil

Personalised recommendations