Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 266, Issue 1–2, pp 5–43

Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae

  • D. Potter
  • T. Eriksson
  • R. C. Evans
  • S. Oh
  • J. E. E. Smedmark
  • D. R. Morgan
  • M. Kerr
  • K. R. Robertson
  • M. Arsenault
  • T. A. Dickinson
  • C. S. Campbell
Article

Abstract

Phylogenetic relationships among 88 genera of Rosaceae were investigated using nucleotide sequence data from six nuclear (18S, gbssi1, gbssi2, ITS, pgip, and ppo) and four chloroplast (matK, ndhF, rbcL, and trnL-trnF) regions, separately and in various combinations, with parsimony and likelihood-based Bayesian approaches. The results were used to examine evolution of non-molecular characters and to develop a new phylogenetically based infrafamilial classification. As in previous molecular phylogenetic analyses of the family, we found strong support for monophyly of groups corresponding closely to many previously recognized tribes and subfamilies, but no previous classification was entirely supported, and relationships among the strongly supported clades were weakly resolved and/or conflicted between some data sets. We recognize three subfamilies in Rosaceae: Rosoideae, including Filipendula, Rubus, Rosa, and three tribes; Dryadoideae, comprising the four actinorhizal genera; and Spiraeoideae, comprising Lyonothamnus and seven tribes. All genera previously assigned to Amygdaloideae and Maloideae are included in Spiraeoideae. Three supertribes, one in Rosoideae and two in Spiraeoideae, are recognized.

Keywords

Rosodae Pyrodae Kerriodae chromosome number fruit type 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Potter
    • 1
  • T. Eriksson
    • 2
  • R. C. Evans
    • 3
  • S. Oh
    • 4
  • J. E. E. Smedmark
    • 2
  • D. R. Morgan
    • 5
  • M. Kerr
    • 6
  • K. R. Robertson
    • 7
  • M. Arsenault
    • 8
  • T. A. Dickinson
    • 9
  • C. S. Campbell
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences, Mail Stop 2University of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.Bergius FoundationRoyal Swedish Academy of SciencesStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Biology DepartmentAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada
  4. 4.Department of BiologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  5. 5.Department of BiologyUniversity of West GeorgiaCarrolltonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Cell Biology and Molecular GeneticsUniversity of MarylandMarylandUSA
  7. 7.Center for BiodiversityIllinois Natural History SurveyChampaignUSA
  8. 8.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of MaineOronoUSA
  9. 9.Department of Natural HistoryRoyal Ontario MuseumTorontoCanada

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