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Plant Systematics and Evolution

, Volume 257, Issue 3–4, pp 189–203 | Cite as

Phylogenetics of Quiinaceae (Malpighiales): evidence from trnL-trnF sequence data and morphology

  • J. V. Schneider
  • U. Swenson
  • R. Samuel
  • T. Stuessy
  • G. Zizka
Article

Abstract

We present the first parsimony analyses of the Neotropical family Quiinaceae using nucleotide sequence data from the non-coding trnL intron and trnL-trnF intergenic spacer of the plastid genome, analysed separately as well as in combination with morphology. Both molecules and combined data recover Quiinaceae as a well-supported monophyletic group. Quiinaceae form a polytomy together with their potential sister groups, the monophyletic Ochnaceae s.str. and the monotypic Medusagynaceae from the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean. Froesia is resolved as sister to the rest of the family. Other members of the family, Lacunaria, Quiina, and Touroulia, are all recovered as monophyletic despite the inclusion of strikingly distinctive representatives (L. oppositifolia and Q. pteridophylla). Relationships among the last three genera, however, are yet uncertain. Optimising characters of breeding system onto the molecular phylogeny reveals that bisexual flowers (Froesia) are the ancestral state in Quiinaceae, whereas androdioecy (Quiina, Touroulia) and dioecy (Lacunaria) are derived breeding systems.

Keywords

Androdioecy dioecy Froesia Lacunaria Medusagynaceae Ochnaceae Quiina Touroulia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. V. Schneider
    • 1
    • 4
  • U. Swenson
    • 2
  • R. Samuel
    • 3
  • T. Stuessy
    • 3
  • G. Zizka
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Systematic Botany, Biology IUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Department of Phanerogamic BotanySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Department of Higher Plant Systematics and Evolution, Institute of BotanyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.Department of Botany and Molecular EvolutionResearch Institute Senckenberg and Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany

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