On sums of squares of primes and a k-th power of prime

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Abstract

In this short paper, we consider the exceptional set of integers, not restricted by elementary congruence conditions, which cannot be represented as sums of two squares of primes and a k-th power of prime for any integer \(k \ge 3\). Our results improve the recent results due to Brüdern (in: Sander, Steuding, Steuding (eds) From arithmetic to zeta-functions, Springer, Cham 2016). The similar method can be also applied to some related questions in this direction, and this can improve the previous results.

Keywords

Waring–Goldbach problem Circle method Exceptional set 

Mathematics Subject Classification

11P32 11P55 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by National Natural Foundation (No. 11301372), Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20130032120073). The authors would like to express their thanks to the referee for many useful suggestions and comments on the manuscript which led to an improvement of the original version of Lemma 2.5 and hence Theorems 1.1 and 1.2.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MathematicsTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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