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Microchimica Acta

, 186:820 | Cite as

Recent progress in nanomaterial-based electrochemical biosensors for pathogenic bacteria

  • Ramin Pourakbari
  • Nasrin Shadjou
  • Hadi Yousefi
  • Ibrahim Isildak
  • Mehdi Yousefi
  • Mohammad-Reza Rashidi
  • Balal KhalilzadehEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

This review (with 118 refs.) discusses the progress made in electroanalytical methods based on the use of organic and inorganic nanomaterials for the determination of bacteria, specifically of E. coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Mycobacterium, Listeria and Klebsiella species. We also discuss advantages and limitations of electrochemical methods. Strategies based on the use of aptamers, DNA and antibodies are covered. Following an introduction into electrochemical biosensing, a first large section covers methods for pathogen detection using metal nanoparticles, with subsections on silver nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles and carbon-based nanomaterials. A second large section covers methods based on the use of organic nanocomposites, graphene and its derivatives. Other nanoparticles are treated in a final section. Several tables are presented that give an overview on the wealth of methods and materials. A concluding section summarizes the current status, addresses challenges, and gives an outlook on potential future trends.

Graphical abstract

This review demonstrates the progress made in electroanalytical methods based on the use of organic and inorganic nanomaterials for the detection and determination of pathogenic bacteria. We also discuss advantages and limitations of electrochemical methods. Strategies based on the use of aptamers, DNA and antibodies are covered.

Keywords

Bioassay Metal nanoparticles Carbon allotropes Graphene Carbon nanotubes Nanocomposite Biotechnology Polymeric nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Stem Cell Research Center (SCRC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. (Grant number: 60976).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stem Cell Research Center (SCRC)Tabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Student’s Research CommitteeTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  3. 3.Department of ImmunologyTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  4. 4.Department of Nano-chemistry, Nanotechnology Research CenterUrmia UniversityUrmiaIran
  5. 5.Department of Basic Medical SciencesKhoy University of Medical SciencesKhoyIran
  6. 6.Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Chemistry-MetallurgyYildiz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  7. 7.Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology (RCPN)Tabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  8. 8.Biosensors and Bioelectronics Research CenterArdabil University of Medical SciencesArdabilIran

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