Advertisement

Microchimica Acta

, 186:825 | Cite as

Magnetic partially carbonized cellulose nanocrystal-based magnetic solid phase extraction for the analysis of triazine and triazole pesticides in water

  • Xiaotong Yi
  • Chang Liu
  • Xueke Liu
  • Peng Wang
  • Zhiqiang Zhou
  • Donghui Liu
Original Paper
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

Magnetic partially carbonized cellulose nanocrystals (MPC-CNC) were obtained by sulfuric acid treatment of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and then loaded with magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The material is shown to be a viable material for magnetic solid phase extraction of triazine and triazole pesticides from water. The pesticides (specifically: simazine, ametryn, prometryn, terbutryn, atrazine, triadimenol, epoxiconazole, myclobutanil, triadimefon and tebuconazole) were quantified by ultra HPLC in tandem with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). The effects of NaCl concentration, amount of adsorbent, vortex time, sample volume and pH value on extraction efficiency were optimized by Plackett-Burman design and Box-Behnken design methods. Under the optimal conditions, the method shows the following figures of merit: (a) Linear responses in the range from 0.02–10 μg L−1; (b) detection limits between 2.2 to 6.1 ng L−1 (for S/N = 3); (c) recoveries from spiked samples of 73.7–117.1% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 2.0–15.7%; and (d) an enrichment factor of 75. The method was successfully applied to the determination of the pesticides in five environmental water samples.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of the process of magnetic solid phase extracting pesticides in water using MPC-CNC. MCC-microcrystalline cellulose; PC-CNC- partially carbonized cellulose nanocrystals; MPC-CNC-magnetic partially carbonized cellulose nanocrystals.

Keywords

Magnetic solid phase extraction Cellulose nanocrystals Carbonification Triazine herbicides Triazole fungicides Environmental water 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Contract Grant Number: 21307155, 21677175) and Chinese Universities Scientific Fund 2017LX001.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3911_MOESM1_ESM.docx (537 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 536 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Warne MSJ, King O, Smith RA (2018) Ecotoxicity thresholds for ametryn, diuron, hexazinone and simazine in fresh and marine waters. Environ Sci Pollut R 6:1–19Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Liu X, Shen Z, Peng W et al (2014) Effervescence assisted on-site liquid phase microextraction for the determination of five triazine herbicides in water. J Chromatogr A 1371:58–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li X, Yu J, Li J et al (2017) Dopaminergic dysfunction in mammalian dopamine neurons induced by Simazine neurotoxicity. Int J Mol Sci 18(11):2404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sai L, Liu Y, Qu B et al (2015) The effects of Simazine, a Chlorotriazine herbicide, on the expression of genes in developing male Xenopus laevis. B Environ Contam Tox 95(2):157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Silva M, Iyer P (2014) Toxicity endpoint selections for a simazine risk assessment. Birth Defects Res B 101(4):308–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Taxvig C, Hass U, Axelstad M, Dalgaard M, Boberg J, Andeasen HR, Vinggaard AM (2007) Endocrine-disrupting activities in vivo of the fungicides tebuconazole and epoxiconazole. Toxicol Sci 100:464–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen ZF, Ying GG (2015) Occurrence, fate and ecological risk of five typical azole fungicides as therapeutic and personal care products in the environment: a review. Environ Int 84:142–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Najmeh Y, Mojtaba S, Mahnaz G (2019) Simultaneous extraction of 32 polychlorinated biphenyls by using magnetic carbon nanocomposite based dispersive microextraction, subsequent dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with two miscible stripping solvents, and quantitation by GC-μECD. Microchim Acta 3:186–178Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Naing NN, Yau SL, Lee HK (2016) Magnetic micro-solid-phase-extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water. J Chromatogr A 1440:23–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sun Y, Tian J, Wang L, Yan H, Qiao F, Qiao X (2015) One pot synthesis of magnetic graphene/carbon nanotube composites as magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction adsorbent for rapid determination of oxytetracycline in sewage water. J Chromatogr A 1422:53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Su H, Lin Y, Wang Z et al (2016) Magnetic metal-organic framework-titanium dioxide nanocomposite as adsorbent in the magnetic solid-phase extraction of fungicides from environmental water samples. J Chromatogr A 1466:21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Farajzadeh MA, Mohebbi A (2017) Development of magnetic dispersive solid phase extraction using toner powder as an efficient and economic sorbent in combination with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction for extraction of some widely used pesticides in fruit juices. J Chromatogr A 1532:10–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang Y, Zhou H, Zhang ZH et al (2017) Three-dimensional ionic liquid functionalized magnetic graphene oxide nanocomposite for the magnetic dispersive solid phase extraction of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in vegetable oils. J Chromatogr A 1489:29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Roya R, Lahiji XX, Ronald R, Arvind R, Alan R, Robert JM (2010) Atomic force microscopy characterization of cellulose Nanocrystals. Langmuir 26(6):4480–4488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Arias A, Heuzey MC, Huneault MA et al (2015) Enhanced dispersion of cellulose nanocrystals in melt-processed polylactide-based nanocomposites. Cellulose 22(1):483–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ruiz-Palomero C, Soriano ML, Valcárcel M (2017) Nanocellulose as analyte and analytical tool: opportunities and challenges. Trends Anal Chem 87:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Maatar W, Boufi S (2015) Poly (methacylic acid-co-maleic acid) grafted nanofibrillated cellulose as a reusable novel heavy metal ions adsorbent. Carbohydr Polym 126:199–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Urruzola I, Serrano L, Llano-Ponte R et al (2013) Obtaining of eucalyptus microfibrils for adsorption of aromatic compounds in aqueous solution. Chem Eng J 229:42–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Daniel B, Aji M, Kristiina O (2006) Optimization of the isolation of nanocrystals from microcrystalline cellulose by acid hydrolysis. Cellulose 13:171–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lu J, Jin RN, Liu C et al (2016) Magnetic carboxylated cellulose nanocrystals as adsorbent for the removal of Pb (II) from aqueous solution. Int J Biol Macromol 93:547CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zuin VG, Schellin M, Montero L et al (2006) Comparison of stir bar sorptive extraction and membrane-assisted solvent extraction as enrichment techniques for the determination of pesticide and benzo[a]pyrene residues in Brazilian sugarcane juice. J Chromatogr A 1114(2):180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhao G , Song S , Wang C, Wu Q., Wang Z. (2011) Determination of triazine herbicides in environmental water samples by high-performance liquid chromatography using graphene-coated magnetic nanoparticles as adsorbent. Anal Chim Acta 708(1–2):0–159, 155Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Baugros JB, Giroud B, Dessalces G, Grenier-Loustalot MF, Cren-Olivé C (2008) Multiresidue analytical methods for the ultra-trace quantification of 33 priority substances present in the list of REACH in real water samples. Anal Chim Acta 607(2):191–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ye C, Zhou Q, Wang X (2007) Improved single-drop microextraction for high sensitive analysis. J Chromatogr A 1139(1):7–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mohd Marsin S, Hana Hassan A, Wan Aini WI, Aboul-Enien HY (2012) Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method based on solidification of floating organic droplet for the determination of triazine herbicides in water and sugarcane samples. Food Chem 133(2):557–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaotong Yi
    • 1
  • Chang Liu
    • 1
  • Xueke Liu
    • 1
  • Peng Wang
    • 1
  • Zhiqiang Zhou
    • 1
  • Donghui Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Department of Applied ChemistryChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations