Microchimica Acta

, 186:849 | Cite as

Oleic and stearic acid-coated magnetite nanoparticles for sonication-assisted binary micro-solid phase extraction of endocrine disrupting compounds, and their quantification by GC-MS

  • Dotse Selali ChormeyEmail author
  • Erhan Akkaya
  • Fatih Ahmet Erulaş
  • Sezgin BakırdereEmail author
Original Paper


Nanosized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were utilized for the preconcentration of 12 analytes including pesticides, alkylphenols, hormones and bisphenol A prior to their determination by GC-MS. The extraction efficiency of the MNPs was enhanced by coating them with oleic acid and stearic acid. A binary system consisting of the two kinds of coated MNPs was optimized using a multivariate experimental design which evaluated main experimental variables and their interactions. Under optimized conditions, the following figures of merit are found: (a) Enrichment factors ranging from 64 to 345; (b) detection limits between 0.13 and 2.7 μg L−1; and (c) recoveries from spiked underground well water and municipal wastewater between 90 and 109%. The closeness of the results to 100% validated the method and underpinned its trueness for quantitative determinations.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of sonication-assisted binary micro-solid phase extraction based on oleic acid coated (OAc-) and stearic acid coated (SAc-) magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) for the determination of endocrine disrupting compounds by GC-MS (TIC: total ion chromatogram).


Pesticides Endocrine disruptors Multivariate optimization Microextraction 


Funding information

This work was supported by Yildiz Technical University (Scientific Research Project, 2016-01-02-KAP04).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3821_MOESM1_ESM.docx (67 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 67 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Art and Science, Chemistry DepartmentYıldız Technical UniversityİstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Education, Department of Science EducationSiirt UniversitySiirtTurkey

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