Bioinspired 2D carbon sheets decorated with MnFe2O4 nanoparticles for preconcentration of inorganic arsenic, and its determination by ICP-OES
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The authors describe a method for solvent-free mechano-chemical synthesis of a bioinspired sorbent. A 2D ultra-thin carbon sheet similar to graphene oxide was prepared using a natural waste (onion sheet). The formation of 2D carbon sheets was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ATR-IR. The surface morphology was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution tunneling electron microscopy. The carbon sheets were decorated with crystalline MnFe2O4 nanoparticles by solid-state reaction at room temperature. The presence of magnetic particles in the final product was confirmed by vibrating sample magnetometry and electron microscopy. The synergistic effect of carbon sheets and MnFe2O4 led to an enhanced sorption of arsenic species compared to bare carbon sheets or to MnFe2O4 nanoparticles. A column was prepared for the simultaneous preconcentration and determination of trace levels of As(III) and As(V) from water samples. The preconcentration factors are between 900 and 833 for As(III) and As(V) species, respectively. The linearity of the calibration plot ranges from 0.4–10 ng mL−1. The detection limits (at 3σ) for both As(III) and As(V) are 30 pg mL−1. The Student’s t values for the analysis of spiked samples are lower than the critical Student’s t values at a 95% confidence level. The recoveries from spiked water samples range between 99 and 102.8%.
KeywordsArsenic Removal Biomaterial Extraction Toxicity
H.A and U.H designed the study, analysed the data and wrote the manuscript. K.U and M.S.A performed the experiments and provided the results. H.A, K.U and M.N.A.I discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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