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Microchimica Acta

, 186:239 | Cite as

Imidazolium-based mesoporous organosilicas with bridging organic groups for microextraction by packed sorbent of phenoxy acid herbicides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorophenols

  • Kobra Zavar Mousavi
  • Yadollah YaminiEmail author
  • Babak Karimi
  • Shahram Seidi
  • Mojtaba Khorasani
  • Mostafa Ghaemmaghami
  • Hojatollah Vali
Original Paper
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

The authors describe the preparation of two kinds of periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs). The first kind is monofunctional and has a bridged alkyl imidazolium framework (PMO-IL). The other is a two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal bifunctional periodic mesoporous organosilica (BFPMO) with bridged IL-phenyl or -ethyl units. The CPMOs were utilized as highly sensitive and stable sorbents for microextraction by packed sorbent. The materials were characterized by SEM, TEM, FT-IR, and N2 adsorption–desorption analysis. The adsorption capacities of the sorbents were investigated by using phenoxy acid herbicides as model analytes. The effects of bifunctionality and type of additional surface groups (phenyl or ethyl) on the efficiency of the extraction is emphasized. Three kinds of environmental contaminants, viz. phenoxy acid herbicides (CPAs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorophenols were then studied with respect to their extraction by the sorbents. The interactions between the CPAs and the sorbents were evaluated by pH-changing processes to explore the interactions that play a major role. The selectivity of the sorbents was investigated by extraction of other types of analytes of with various polarity and charge. The BFPMOs display the typical good chemical stability of silica materials. The extraction properties are much better compared to commercial silicas. This is assumed to be due to the highly ordered mesoporous structures and the different types of probable interactions with analytes. The performance of the method was evaluated by extraction of CPAs as model analytes from aqueous samples, and quantification by GC with FID detection. Under optimized conditions, low limits of detection (0.1–0.5 μg.L−1) and a wide linearity (0.5–200 μg.L−1) were obtained. The method was applied to the trace analysis of CPAs in farm waters and rice samples.

Graphical abstract

Monofunctional periodic mesoporous organosilica with bridged alkyl imidazolium frameworks and bi-functional periodic mesoporous organosilica containing bridged ionic liquids and phenyl or -ethyl, have been successfully synthesized and utilized in microextractions by packed sorbent sorbents.

Keywords

Preconcentration BFPMO Selectivity Tetrabutylammonium Transmission electron microscopy Gas chromatography Central composite design Rice analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from Tarbiat Modares University is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3355_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1715 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kobra Zavar Mousavi
    • 1
  • Yadollah Yamini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Babak Karimi
    • 2
  • Shahram Seidi
    • 3
  • Mojtaba Khorasani
    • 2
  • Mostafa Ghaemmaghami
    • 1
  • Hojatollah Vali
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  3. 3.Department of Analytical ChemistryK.N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology and Facility for Electron Microscopy ResearchMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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