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Microchimica Acta

, 186:235 | Cite as

A nanocomposite consisting of gold nanobipyramids and multiwalled carbon nanotubes for amperometric nonenzymatic sensing of glucose and hydrogen peroxide

  • He Mei
  • Xuedong Wang
  • Tai Zeng
  • Ling Huang
  • Qun Wang
  • Daoping Ru
  • Tongliang Huang
  • Falin Tian
  • Huimin WuEmail author
  • Jimin GaoEmail author
Original Paper
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

Gold nanobipyramids were synthesized by a seed-mediated growth method and then supported by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (denoted as AuNBP/MWCNTs). The electrocatalytic activity of the AuNBP/MWCNTs on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) towards direct glucose oxidation and hydrogen peroxide reduction was superior to that of AuNBPs and MWCNTs. The modified GCE, operated at a typical working voltage of +0.15 V (vs. SCE) and in 0.1 M NaOH solution, exhibits a linear response in the 10 μM to 36.7 mM glucose concentration range with a 3.0 μM detection limit (at S/N = 3) and a sensitivity of 101.2 μA mM−1 cm−2. It also demonstrates good sensitivity towards hydrogen peroxide in at pH 7 solution at a working potential of −0.50 V (vs. SCE), with a linear response range from 5.0 μM to 47.3 mM, a sensitivity of 170.6 μA mM−1 cm−2 and a detection limit of 1.5 μM.

Graphical abstract

A electrochemical sensing platform based on the use of gold nanobipyramids and multi-walled carbon nanotubes nanocomposites (AuNBP/MWCNTs) is described for the determination of glucose and hydrogen peroxide.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Electrocatalyst Electrochemical sensor Non-enzymatic sensor Cyclic voltammetry Chronoamperometry Real sample analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (81573110, 31270958), the Chinese National 863 plan (2012AA02A407), the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LY14H190004, LY13H100003, LY15H160066), the Key Science and Technology Innovation Team of Zhejiang Province, Wenzhou Municipal Research Program (Y20160009, Y20160074), and Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province (LQ17B030003).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3272_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2278 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Mei
    • 1
  • Xuedong Wang
    • 1
  • Tai Zeng
    • 1
  • Ling Huang
    • 1
  • Qun Wang
    • 1
  • Daoping Ru
    • 1
  • Tongliang Huang
    • 1
  • Falin Tian
    • 2
  • Huimin Wu
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jimin Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Watershed Science and HealthWenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Wenzhou Institute of Biomaterials and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials & Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules, Ministry of Education & College of Chemistry & Chemical EngineeringHubei UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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