Microchimica Acta

, 186:154 | Cite as

Study on four metal organic frameworks as cleanup adsorbents for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons determined by GC-MS/MS

  • Yu-Han Fan
  • Xiao-Xuan Mou
  • Shi-Bin Qin
  • Xiao-Shui LiEmail author
  • Shi-Hua Qi
Original Paper


A new application of MOFs as adsorbents in the cleanup procedure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils was explored. Four MOFs, specifically MIL-101(Cr), MIL-125(Ti), MIL-100(Fe) and UiO-66(Zr), were synthesized and characterized. A screening study was carried out to select the best adsorbent for the purification of sixteen PAHs in complex soil extract. It is found that the nature of metal ion, pore size, surface area and surface charge affect the purification efficiencies of the various MOFs. MIL-101(Cr) was then selected because of its best purification efficiency. The effects of amount of adsorbent, cleanup solvent and cleanup time on cleanup efficiency were investigated. Under the optimum conditions, the matrix effect of the target analytes was reduced by more than 65%. The method was then combined with ultrasonic extraction and quantitation by gas chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometric detection. The method allows for the determination of PAHs in soils with linear in the range of 5–5000 ng g−1 and with LODs between 50 and 420 pg g−1. The method was applied to the analysis of (spiked) soil samples, and results compared well with the established EPA method.

Graphical abstract

Schematic presentation of metal organic frameworks (MOF) as cleanup adsorbents for purifying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil organic matter (SOM) and further determined by gas chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS/MS).


MIL-101(Cr) MIL-125(Ti) MIL-100(Fe) UiO-66(Zr) Purification Soil Matrix effect Primary secondary amine sorbent Ultrasonic extraction Environment 



This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (21507116 and 41473095) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (CUGL160409). This research was jointly supported by the state scholarship fund from China Scholarship Council.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2019_3271_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3088 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Han Fan
    • 1
  • Xiao-Xuan Mou
    • 1
  • Shi-Bin Qin
    • 1
  • Xiao-Shui Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shi-Hua Qi
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental GeologyChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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