Advertisement

Microchimica Acta

, 186:91 | Cite as

Graphene oxide chemically modified with 5-amino-1,10-phenanthroline as sorbent for separation and preconcentration of trace amount of lead(II)

  • Barbara Feist
  • Michal Pilch
  • Jacek Nycz
Original Paper
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) was chemically functionalized with 5-amino-1,10-phenanthroline. The resulting conjugate (phen-GO) was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The experiments show that phen-GO has a high affinity for extraction of Pb(II) ions. Isotherms and kinetics fit the Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order equations. By using phen-GO as a sorbent, Pb(II) ions can be quantitatively adsorbed at pH 6.0. The adsorption capacity is 548 mg g−1. Following desorption with 2 mol L−1 HNO3, Pb(II) was quantified by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The effects of pH value, eluent type, sorption time, sample volume, and matrix ions were optimized. The accuracy of the method was validated by analysis of the reference materials DOLT-3 (dogfish liver) and SRM 1640a (natural water). Under optimal conditions, the calibration plots cover the 0.25 to 500 ng mL−1 Pb(II) concentration range. The method was successfully applied to the analysis of spiked water and biological samples. Other figures of merit include a preconcentration factor of 250, a detection limit of 46 ng L−1, and a relative standard deviation of <5%.

Graphical abstract

Schematic presentation of the dispersive solid-phase extraction of lead(II) ions using graphene oxide modified with 5-amino-1,10-phenanthroline, followed by their determination by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES).

Keywords

Sorption Dispersive solid phase extraction Nanomaterial Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry Environmental analysis Metal determination Sorption isotherm Sorption kinetics 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_3213_MOESM1_ESM.docx (719 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 718 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Jia W, Lu S (2014) Few-layered graphene oxides as superior adsorbents for the removal of Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions. Korean J Chem Eng 31:1265–1270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    World Health Organization (1996) Health criteria and other supporting information. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Su S, Chen B, He M, Hu B (2014) Graphene oxide–silica composite coating hollow fiber solid phase microextraction online coupled with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of trace heavy metals in environmental water samples. Talanta 123:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhu X, Cui Y, Chang X, Wang H (2016) Selective solid-phase extraction and analysis of trace-level Cr(III), Fe(III), Pb(II), and Mn(II) ions in waste water using diethylenetriamine-functionalized carbon nanotubes dispersed in graphene oxide colloids. Talanta 146:358–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aghagoli MJ, Shemirani F (2017) Hybrid nanosheets composed of molybdenum disulfide and reduced graphene oxide for enhanced solid phase extraction of Pb(II) and Ni(II). Microchim Acta 184:237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Han X, Meng Z, Zhang H, Zheng J (2018) Fullerene-based anodic stripping voltammetry for simultaneous determination of Hg(II), Cu(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) in foodstuff. Microchim Acta 185:274–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Feist B, Mikula B, Pytlakowska K, Puzio B, Sitko R (2012) Preconcentration via ion associated complexes combined with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry for determination of heavy metals. Talanta 88:391–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Daşbaşı T, Saçmacı Ş, Çankaya N, Soykan C (2016) Synthesis, characterization and application of a new chelating resin for solid phase extraction, preconcentration and determination of trace metals in some dairy samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Food Chem 211:68–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jalbani N, Soylak M (2015) Separation–preconcentration of nickel and lead in food samples by a combination of solid–liquid–solid dispersive extraction using SiO2 nanoparticles, ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid micro-extraction. Talanta 131:361–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li Z, Chen J, Liua M, Yang Y (2014) Ultrasound-assisted cloud point extraction coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for the determination of lead and cadmium in water samples. Anal Methods 6:3241–3246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zarezade V, Aliakbari A, Es’haghi M, Amini MM, Behbahani M, Omidi F, Hesam G (2017) Application of a new nanoporous sorbent for extraction and pre-concentration of lead and copper ions. Inter J Env Anal Chem 97:383–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tokalıoglu S, Papak A, Kartal S (2017) Separation/preconcentration of trace Pb(II) and cd(II) with 2-mercaptobenzothiazole impregnated Amberlite XAD-1180 resin and their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Arab J Chem 10:19–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mendil D, Demirci Z, Uluozlu OD, Tuzen M, Soylak M (2017) A new separation and preconcentration method for selenium in some foods using modified silica gel with 2,6-diamino-4-phenil-1,3,5-triazine. Food Chem 221:1394–1399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mikula B, Puzio B, Feist B (2009) Application of 1,10-phenanthroline for preconcentration of selected heavy metals on silica gel. Microchim Acta 166:337–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burham N (2009) Separation and preconcentration system for lead and cadmium determination in natural samples using 2-aminoacetylthiophenol modified polyurethane foam. Desalination 249:1199–1205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang L, Li Z, Du X, Li R, Chang X (2012) Simultaneous separation and preconcentration of Cr(III), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) from environmental samples prior to inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometric determination. Spectrochim Acta Part A 86:443–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Feist B, Sitko R (2014) Preconcentration of trace lead via formation of the bis(2,2-bipyridyl) complex and its adsorption on oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes. Microchim Acta 181:1035–1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Pytlakowska K, Kozik V, Matussek M, Pilch M, Hachuła B, Kocot K (2016) Glycine modified graphene oxide as a novel sorbent for preconcentration of chromium, copper, and zinc ions from water samples prior to energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometric determination. RSC Adv 6:42836–42844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zawisza B, Baranik A, Malicka E, Talik E, Sitko R (2016) Preconcentration of Fe(III), co(II), Ni(II), cu(II), Zn(II) and Pb(II) with ethylenediamine-modified graphene oxide. Microchim Acta 183:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Behbahani M, Veisi A, Omidi F, Noghrehabadi A, Esrafili A, Ebrahimi MH (2018) Application of a dispersive micro-solid-phase extraction method for pre-concentration and ultra-trace determination of cadmium ions in water and biological samples. Appl Organomet Chem 32:4134–4143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Behbahani M, Omidi F, Kakavandi MG, Hesam G (2017) Selective and sensitive determination of silver ions at trace levels based on ultrasonic-assisted dispersive solid-phase extraction using ion-imprinted polymer nanoparticles. Appl Organomet Chem 31:3758–3766CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Parvizi S, Behbahani M, Zeraatpisheh F, Esrafilic A (2018) Preconcentration and ultra-trace determination of hexavalent chromium ions using tailor-made polymer nanoparticles coupled with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry: ultrasonic assisted-dispersive solid-phase extraction. New J Chem 42:10357–10365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang F, Song Y, Song S, Zhang R, Hou W (2015) Synthesis of magnetite−graphene oxide-layered double hydroxide composites and applications for the removal of Pb(II) and 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid from aqueous solutions. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:7251–7263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Feist B (2016) Selective dispersive micro solid-phase extraction using oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes modified with 1,10-phenanthroline for preconcentration of lead ions. Food Chem 209:37–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Feist B, Mikula B (2014) Preconcentration of heavy metals on activated carbon and their determination in fruits by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Food Chem 147:302–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Deng D, Jiang X, Yang L, Hou X, Zheng C (2014) Organic solvent-free cloud point extraction-like methodology using aggregation of graphene oxide. Anal Chem 86:758–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhao G, Li J, Ren X, Chen C, Wang X (2011) Few-layered graphene oxide Nanosheets as superior sorbents for heavy metal ion pollution management. Environ Sci Technol 45:10454–10462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yukun W, Shutao G, Xiaohuan Z, Jingci L, Jingjun M (2012) Graphene-based solid-phase extraction combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for a sensitive determination of trace amounts of lead in environmental water and vegetable samples. Anal Chim Acta 716:112–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sitko R, Zawisza B, Talik E, Janik P, Osoba G, Feist B, Malicka E (2014) Spherical silica particles decorated with graphene oxide nanosheets as a new sorbent in inorganic trace analysis. Anal Chim Acta 834:22–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Moghimi A, Abdouss M, Ghooshchi G (2013) Preconcentration of Pb(II) by graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin adsorbed on surfactant coated C18 before determination by FAAS. Int J Bio-Inorg Hybrid Nanomater 2:355–364Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Khan M, Yilmaz E, Sevinc B, Sahmetlioglu E, Shah J, Jan MR, Soylak M (2016) Preparation and characterization of magnetic allylamine modified graphene oxide-poly(vinyl acetate-co-divinylbenzene) nanocomposite for vortex assisted magnetic solid phase extraction of some metal ions. Talanta 146:130–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sitko R, Janik P, Zawisza B, Talik E, Margui E, Queralt I (2015) Green approach for ultratrace determination of divalent metal ions and arsenic species using total-reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and mercapto-modified graphene oxide nanosheets as a novel adsorbent. Anal Chem 87:3535–3542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Baghban N, Yilmaz E, Soylak M (2018) Vortex assisted solid-phase extraction of lead(II) using orthorhombic nanosized Bi2WO6 as a sorbent. Microchim Acta 185:34–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Baghban N, Yilmaz E, Soylak M (2017) A magnetic MoS2-Fe3O4 nanocomposite as an effective adsorbent for dispersive solid-phase microextraction of lead(II) and copper(II) prior to their determination by FAAS. Microchim Acta 184:3969–3976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Su S, He M, Zhang N, Cui C (2014) Calconcarboxylic acid dynamically modified nanometer-sized zirconia for on-line flow injection inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry determination of trace heavy metals in environmental water samples. Anal Methods 6:1182–1188CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryUniversity of SilesiaKatowicePoland
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsUniversity of SilesiaKatowicePoland

Personalised recommendations