Microchimica Acta

, 186:26 | Cite as

Porous covalent organonitridic frameworks for solid-phase extraction of sulfonamide antibiotics

  • Guiju Xu
  • Beibei Zhang
  • Xiaoli Wang
  • Na Li
  • Yanfang Zhao
  • Lu Liu
  • Jin-Ming Lin
  • Ru-Song ZhaoEmail author
Original Paper


Porous covalent organonitridic frameworks (PCONFs) were applied as a packing in a solid-phase extraction cartridge for rapid extraction of eight sulfonamide antibiotics from complex samples. The detection was performed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry under the multiple reaction monitoring mode. This enabled ultrasensitive, dependable and cost-effective simultaneous analysis of sulfacetamide, sulfadiazine, sulfathiazole, sulfapyridine, sulfamerazine, sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole and sulfisoxazole. Main parameters affecting the performance of the PCONF-packed cartridge were investigated. Under optimized conditions, this method has attractive features such as wide linear ranges (2.5–1000 ng·L−1), low limits of detection (0.14–2.0 ng·L−1), and good repeatability (intra-day assay: 2.1%–5.6%; inter-day assay: 2.3%–12.9%). It was successfully applied in the analysis of sulfonamide residues in water, milk and chicken meat samples.

Graphical abstract

The use of a porous covalent organonitridic framework (PCONFs) as solid-phase extraction (SPE) material is described here for the first time. An ultrasensitive, dependable and cost-effective method was developed for simultaneous analysis of eight sulfonamide residues in water, milk and chicken meat samples by coupling PCONF-based SPE with liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry.


Sample pretreatment Porous organic polymers Organic pollutant Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry Environmental analysis Food analysis Water Milk Chicken meat 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21777089 and 21477068), Key Research and Development Program of Shandong Province (2017GSF17107 and 2018GSF117036), Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2018LB033 and ZR2017LB026), Youth Science Funds of Shandong Academy of Sciences (2018QN002), and Shandong Province Taishan Scholar Program (ts201712063).

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_3152_MOESM1_ESM.docx (935 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 935 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guiju Xu
    • 1
  • Beibei Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiaoli Wang
    • 1
  • Na Li
    • 1
  • Yanfang Zhao
    • 1
  • Lu Liu
    • 1
  • Jin-Ming Lin
    • 2
  • Ru-Song Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Applied Technology of Sophisticated Analytical Instruments of Shandong Province, Analysis and Test CentreQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)JinanChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory of Microanalytical Methods and Instrumentation, Department of ChemistryTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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