Microchimica Acta

, 185:556 | Cite as

Dispersive micro-solid phase extraction of 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water by using thermally treated clinoptilolite, and their quantification by GC-MS

  • Slobodan ĆirićEmail author
  • Violeta Mitić
  • Snežana Jovanović
  • Marija Ilić
  • Jelena Nikolić
  • Gordana Stojanović
  • Vesna Stankov Jovanović
Original Paper


The authors report on a novel sorbent (thermally treated natural zeolite; clinoptilolite) for use in dispersive micro-solid phase extraction (D-μ-SPE) of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from water samples. The method was applied to the D-μ-SPE of 16 priority PAHs which then were quantified by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection (GC-MS). The method was validated in terms of specificity and selectivity, linearity and linear range, accuracy, precision, uncertainty, limits of detection and quantification. Figures of merit include (a) linear analytical ranges between 2.08 and 208 ppb, and (b) detection limits in the range from 0.01 to 0.92 ppb. The method was successfully applied to the determination of PAHs in river waters.

Graphical abstract

Schematic representation of dispersive micro-solid phase extraction (D-μ-SPE) of trace levels of PAHs in water samples by using thermally treated clinoptilolite as sorbent prior to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS).


PAHs D-μ-SPE Sorbents Water sample preparation Natural zeolite Clinoptilolite GC-MS SEM FTIR 



The research was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia [Project Grant Numbers OI172051 and OI172047].

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests. The manuscript has not been published elsewhere and it has not been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere.

Supplementary material

604_2018_3091_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2276 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and MathematicsUniversity of NisNisSerbia
  2. 2.Laboratory Sector, Laboratory for Analytical ChemistryVeterinary Specialized InstituteNisSerbia

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