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Microchimica Acta

, 185:371 | Cite as

Hydrothermal and plasma nitrided electrospun carbon nanofibers for amperometric sensing of hydrogen peroxide

  • Yuan-Ping Lyu
  • Yi-Shan Wu
  • Tzu-Pei Wang
  • Chien-Liang Lee
  • Meng-Yin Chung
  • Chieh-Tsung Lo
Short Communication
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were prepared by an electrospinning method, this followed by a hydrothermal reaction or nitrogen plasma treatment to obtain electrode for non-enzymatic amperometric sensing of H2O2. The hydrothermally treated electrode performs better. Its electrochemical surface is 3.7 × 10−3 mA cm−2, which is larger than that of a nitrogen plasma treated electrode (8.9 × 10−4) or a non-doped CNF (2.45 × 10−4 mA cm−2). The hydrothermally treated CNF with rough surface and a complex profile with doped N has a higher sensitivity (357 μA∙mM−1∙cm−2), a lower detection limit (0.62 μM), and a wider linear range (0.01–0.71 mM) than N-CNFP at a working potential of −0.4 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The electrode gave high recoveries when applied to the analysis of milk samples spiked with H2O2.

Graphical abstract

Nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers prepared by an electrospinning method followed by a hydrothermal reaction (N-CNFht) or nitrogen plasma treatment (N-CNFP) are directly used as non-enzymatic amperometric H2O2 sensors.

Keywords

Specific activity Cyclic voltammetry Hydrogen peroxide reduction reaction Electrochemical surface area X-ray photoelectron spectrum 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, for financially supporting this research under Contract Nos. MOST 106-2221-E-151-039-MY3 and MOST 105-2628-E-006-009-MY3 as well as Mr. Shyne-Yen Yao at National Cheng Kung University and Mr. Hsien-Tsan Lin of Regional Instruments Center at National Sun Yat-Sen University for their assistance for TEM experiments.

Compliance with ethical standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

604_2018_2915_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (745 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 745 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Materials EngineeringNational Kaohsiung University of Science and TechnologyKaohsiungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan

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