Aptamer-based fluorometric lateral flow assay for creatine kinase MB
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A group of aptamers possessing high specificity and affinity for creatine kinase MB (CKMB) was obtained by magnetic systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment. Two aptamers (referred to as C.Apt.21 and C.Apt.30) were found to possess adequately low Kd values. They form a well suited pair for CKMB binding. By using fluorescent microspheres, an aptamer-based lateral flow assay was developed. It is portable, economical, and sensitive. The limit of detection for CKMB is as low as 0.63 ng·mL-1, and the assay works in the 0.005 - 2 μg·mL-1 CKMB concentration range. The method is specific for CKMB, and biomarkers for AMI (such as cardiac troponin I and myoglobin) and serum do not interfere. The strip is highly accurate as shown by analysis of spiked serum samples which gave recoveries ranging between 88 and 117%.
KeywordsCKMB Aptamer Magnetic SELEX Lateral flow Fluorescent microsphere Nanoparticles Rapid detection Test strip reader Sandwich Acute myocardial infarction
This work was partly supported by the National Special R&D Programmer for Key Scientific Instruments and Equipment (2012YQ04014001) and the Beijing Institute of Technology Research Foundation (3160050321211).
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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