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Microchimica Acta

, 185:108 | Cite as

A hyper-cross linked polymer as an adsorbent for the extraction of chlorophenols

  • Yao Wang
  • Ruiyang Ma
  • Ruobai Xiao
  • Lin Hao
  • Qiuhua Wu
  • Chun WangEmail author
  • Zhi WangEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

A porous material (polytriphenylamine; PTPA) was synthesized by using triphenylamine as the monomer and dimethoxymethane as the cross-linker. PTPA was characterized by Fourier infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction measurements, scanning electron microscopy and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The PTPA has a spherical-shape morphology and relatively high specific surface area. It is shown to be a viable adsorbent for solid phase extraction of 3-chlorophenol, 2,3-dichlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4.6-trichlorophenol prior to their determination by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Under the optimized conditions, recoveries from spiked samples are in the range from 92.5% to 106.3%. The limits of detection range from 0.03 to 0.3 ng mL−1 (at an S/N ratio of 3) in case of bottled juice, and from 0.03 to 0.1 ng g−1 in case of tomato samples. The enrichment factors for the four analytes are in the range of 127–183 for bottle juice, and from 110–150 for tomatos. Response is linear in the range of 1.0 to 40.0 ng mL−1 for juice, and 0.3–40.0 ng g−1 for tomatos. The relative standard deviations for the determination of the chlorophenols at 20 ng mL−1 in bottled beverage, and 20 ng g−1 in tomatos are lower than 5.7%.

Graphical abstract

A polytriphenylamine polymer (PTPA) was prepared by using an external cross-linker method with triphenylamine as monomer and dimethoxymethane as cross-linker, and it was used as an adsorbent to extract chlorophenols from juice and vegetable samples.

Keywords

Adsorbent Polytriphenylamine Solid phase extraction Chlorophenols High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31471643, 31571925, 31671930), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei (B2016204136, B2016204146, B2017204025), the Scientific and Technological Research Foundation of the Department of Education of Hebei Province (ZD2016085) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Agricultural University (LG201607) are gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Yao Wang, Ruiyang Ma, Ruobai Xiao, Lin Hao, Qiuhua Wu, Chun Wang and Zhi Wang declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects.

Informed consent

Not applicable.

Supplementary material

604_2017_2649_MOESM1_ESM.docx (777 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 777 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of ScienceHebei Agricultural UniversityBaodingChina
  2. 2.College of Landscape and TravelHebei Agricultural UniversityBaodingChina
  3. 3.College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering & BiotechnologyDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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