Immobilization of horseradish peroxidase on amino-functionalized carbon dots for the sensitive detection of hydrogen peroxide
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The authors describe the preparation of amino-functionalized carbon dots (NH2-CDs) via a one-step hydrothermal process using silver nitrate and chitosan as the precursors. The NH2-CDs have a fairly consistent size distribution with an average size of 2.8 ± 0.5 nm. This is attributed to the introduction of Ag(I) both as a catalyst and a precipitant. The NH2-CDs are highly crystalline. Their surface carries amino groups and carboxy groups which is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized in the NH2-CDs and then placed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Spectroscopic and electrochemical analyses evidenced the stability and good bioactivity of the immobilized HRP. This reveals that NH2-CD is a desirable matrix for enzyme immobilization. The modified GCE exhibits enhanced electro-catalytic activity towards hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) reduction as compared to that of plain CDs. The effects of pH value and loading on the performances of the modified GCEs were studied. Under optimized conditions, the biosensor has a linear response in the 5 to 590 nM H2O2 concentration range, with a 1.8 nM defection limit (at an S/N ratio of 3). The sensor is stable, reproducible and selective. Finally, the sensor was applied to determine H2O2 in real samples, and satisfactory recoveries were achieved.
KeywordsHydrothermal method Electro-catalytic reduction Glassy carbon electrode Cyclic voltammetry Amperometric response Biosensor H2O2 Analytical property
This work is supported by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and the Project of Scientific and Technologic Infrastructure of Suzhou (SZS201207).
Compliance with ethical standards
The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.
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