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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 183, Issue 7, pp 2063–2083 | Cite as

Nanomaterials in electrochemical biosensors for pesticide detection: advances and challenges in food analysis

  • Fabiana Arduini
  • Stefano Cinti
  • Viviana Scognamiglio
  • Danila Moscone
Review Article

Abstract

This overview (with 114 refs.) covers the progress made between 2010 and 2015 in the field of nanomaterial based electrochemical biosensors for pesticides in food. Its main focus is on strategies to analyze real samples. The review first gives a short introduction into the most often used biorecognition elements. These include (a) enzymes (resulting in inhibition-based and direct catalytic biosensors), (b) antibodies (resulting in immunosensors), and (c) aptamers (resulting in aptasensors). The next main section covers the various kinds of nanomaterials for use in biosensors and includes carbonaceous species (carbon nanotubes, graphene, carbon black and others), and non-carbonaceous species in the form of nanoparticles, rods, or porous materials. Aspects of sample treatment and real sample analysis are treated next before discussing vanguard technologies in tailor-made food analysis.

Graphical abstract

Last trends made between 2010 and 2015 on the use of nanomaterials, including graphene, carbon nanotubes, carbon black, metallic nanoparticles, for the development of enzymatic biosensors, immunosensors, and aptasensors were reported, tackling the issues related to pesticide detection in agrifood sector.

Keywords

Enzymatic biosensor Immunosensor Aptasensor Carbon nanotubes Nanorods Nanoparticles Graphene Carbon black Sustainable food chain Food safety 

Notes

Acknowledgments

F.A. likes to acknowledge the Italian Ministry of Defence, Aptamer BW project for financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards Please check "Compliance with ethical standards" statement if presented correctly.ok

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabiana Arduini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stefano Cinti
    • 1
  • Viviana Scognamiglio
    • 3
  • Danila Moscone
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie ChimicheUniversità di Roma Tor VergataRomeItaly
  2. 2.Consorzio Interuniversitario Biostrutture e Biosistemi “INBB”RomeItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze Bio-AgroalimentariIstituto di Cristallografia (IC-CNR)RomeItaly

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