Microchimica Acta

, Volume 183, Issue 3, pp 1261–1268 | Cite as

Magnetic matrix solid phase dispersion assisted dispersive liquid liquid microextraction of ultra trace polychlorinated biphenyls in water prior to GC-ECD determination

  • Chunpeng Diao
  • Cong Li
  • Xiao Yang
  • Ailing Sun
  • Renmin LiuEmail author
Original Paper


Magnetic matrix solid phase dispersion (MMSPD) assisted dispersive liquid liquid microextraction (DLLME) was applied to extract ultra traces of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from water samples prior to gas chromatography with electron capture detection. PCBs in water were adsorbed by micro particles of magnetic bamboo charcoal and then transferred into the elution solvent. PCBs in the elution solvent of the MMSPD were further concentrated into trace volume extraction solvent of the DLLME procedure. Under optimized conditions, good linearity in the range of 0.2–100 ng L−1 was obtained with regression coefficients (r) higher than 0.9987. Based on a signal-noise ratio of 3, the limits of detection (LODs) range from 0.05–0.1 ng L−1. These LODs are much lower than those of MMSPD or DLLME alone. Relative standard deviations are between 4.9–8.2 %. The method was successfully applied to the determination of PCBs in lake and river water. Relative recoveries were 85.5–117.4 % for the spiked environmental water samples.

Graphical Abstract

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were adsorbed by micro particles of magnetic bamboo charcoal (MBC) and then eluted. PCBs were further concentrated into a trace volume of the extraction solvent used in dispersive liquid liquid microextraction.


Magnetic solid phase extraction Bamboo charcoal PCBs Water sample GC-ECD 



This work was supported by Program of National Natural Science of China (No. 31170110), Research Encouragement Foundation of Excellent Midlife-Youth Scientists of Shandong Province (No. BS2015HZ014).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests

Supplementary material

604_2016_1761_MOESM1_ESM.docx (797 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 797 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunpeng Diao
    • 1
  • Cong Li
    • 1
  • Xiao Yang
    • 2
  • Ailing Sun
    • 2
  • Renmin Liu
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Environment and PlanningLiaocheng UniversityLiaochengChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringLiaocheng UniversityLiaochengChina

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