Microchimica Acta

, Volume 182, Issue 13–14, pp 2353–2359 | Cite as

Porous carbon derived from aluminum-based metal organic framework as a fiber coating for the solid-phase microextraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from water and soil

  • Xi Zhang
  • Xiao Huan Zang
  • Jun Tao Wang
  • Chun Wang
  • Qiu Hua Wu
  • Zhi Wang
Original Paper


A nanoporous carbon derived from an aluminum-based metal-organic framework was deposited on stainless steel wires in a sol–gel matrix. The resulting fibers were applied to the solid-phase microextraction of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene and anthracene from water and soil samples. The fiber was then directly inserted into the GC injector and the PAHs were quantified by GC-MS. The effects of salt addition, extraction temperature, extraction time, sample volume and desorption conditions on the extraction efficiency were optimized. A linear response to the analytes was observed in the 0.1 to 12 μg∙L−1 range for water samples, and in the 0.6 to 30 μg∙kg−1 for soil samples, with the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.9934 to 0.9985. The limits of detection ranged from 5.0 to 20 ng∙L−1 for water samples, and from 30 to 90 ng∙kg−1 for soil samples. The recoveries of spiked samples were between 72.4 and 108.0 %, and the precision, expressed as the relative standard deviations, is <12.8 %.

Graphical Abstract

A MOF derived nanoporous carbon coated fiber for use in solid-phase microextraction was prepared via sol–gel technology. The coated fiber has a porous, rough and wrinkled structure, and shows a high thermal stability, good extraction repeatability and long lifetime. The established HS-SPME-GC-MS method is suitable for the determination of the PAHs from water and soil samples.


Metal organic framework Nanoporous carbon Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Solid-phase micro-extraction Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry 



Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31171698, 31471643), the Innovation Research Group Program of Department of Education of Hebei for Hebei Provincial Universities (LJRC009) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (B2012204028) is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

604_2015_1566_MOESM1_ESM.doc (380 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 380 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xi Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiao Huan Zang
    • 1
  • Jun Tao Wang
    • 1
  • Chun Wang
    • 1
  • Qiu Hua Wu
    • 1
  • Zhi Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, College of ScienceAgricultural University of HebeiBaodingChina

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