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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 182, Issue 13–14, pp 2241–2249 | Cite as

Highly sensitive hydrogen peroxide sensor based on a glassy carbon electrode modified with platinum nanoparticles on carbon nanofiber heterostructures

  • Yang Yang
  • Renzhong FuEmail author
  • Jianjun Yuan
  • Shiyuan Wu
  • Jialiang Zhang
  • Haiying WangEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

We are presenting a sensor for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) that is based on the use of a heterostructure composed of Pt nanoparticles (NPs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs). High-density Pt NPs were homogeneously loaded onto a three-dimensional nanostructured CNF matrix and then deposited in a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The resulting sensor synergizes the advantages of the conducting CNFs and the nanoparticle catalyst. The porous structure of the CNFs also favor the high-density immobilization of the NPs and the diffusion of water-soluble molecules, and thus assists the rapid catalytic oxidation of H2O2. If operated at a working voltage of −0.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), the modified GCE exhibits a linear response to H2O2 in the 5 μM to 15 mM concentration range (total analytical range: 5 μM to 100 mM), with a detection limit of 1.7 μM (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3). The modified GCE is not interfered by species such as uric acid and glucose. Its good stability, high selectivity and good reproducibility make this electrode a valuable tool for inexpensive amperometric sensing of H2O2.

Graphical Abstract

The Pt NPs/CNF heterostructure-based H2O2 sensor synergizes the advantages of both the conducting carbon nanofibers and the nanoparticle catalyst. The 3D structure of the nanofibers favor high density immobilization of the nanoparticles and penetration by water-soluble molecules, which assists the catalyic oxidation of H2O2. The sensor shows outstanding performance in terms of detection range, detection limit, response time, stability and selectivity.

Keywords

Platinum nanoparticles Heterostructure Carbon nanofiber H2O2 sensor Hydrogen peroxide 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51203013, 21302013), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Educational Department of China (No. 12KJB610001), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK2012207), and the Foundation of Jiangsu Laboratory of Advanced Functional Material (No. 12KFJJ008).

Supplementary material

604_2015_1558_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.7 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1790 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangsu Laboratory of Advanced Functional Material, Department of ChemistryChangshu Institute of TechnologyChangshuPeople’s Republic of China

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