Microchimica Acta

, Volume 182, Issue 9–10, pp 1765–1774 | Cite as

Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with solidification of floating organic droplets for simultaneous extraction of pesticides, pharmaceuticals and personal care products

  • Liziane Cardoso Marube
  • Sergiane Souza Caldas
  • Karina Lotz Soares
  • Ednei Gilberto Primel
Original Paper

Abstract

Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of floating organic droplets (DLLME-SFO) has been applied to the extraction of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) and pesticides from water samples. The PPCPs included bisphenol A, sodium diclofenac, gemfibrozil, furosemide, glibenclamide, nifedipine, nimesulide, propylparaben and triclocarban. The pesticides included 2,4-D, atrazine, azoxystrobin, cyproconazole, clomazone, dichloran, difenoconazole, diuron, epoxiconazole, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl, fipronil, iprodione, irgarol, propanil, propiconazole, tebuconazole, and trifloxystrobin. The type and volume of extraction solvent, type and volume of disperser solvent, ionic strength and pH were optimized. All species were then quantified by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The limits of quantification (LOQs) ranged from 50 to 500 ng L−1, and the linearity ranged from the LOQ of each compound up to 10,000 ng L−1. Recoveries ranged from 63 to 120 %, with relative standard deviations lower than 14 %. It is making use of a low-toxicity and affordable extraction solvent (1-dodecanol) and was successfully applied to the analysis of surface water samples.

Graphical Abstract

A mixture of 1-dodecanol and methanol was applied to the extraction of pesticides, pharmaceuticals and personal care products from water samples by applying the solidification of floating organic microdroplet technique

Keywords

Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction Floating organic droplet extraction Personal care products Pesticides LC-MS/MS Mass spectrometry 

Supplementary material

604_2015_1507_MOESM1_ESM.docx (699 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 699 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liziane Cardoso Marube
    • 1
  • Sergiane Souza Caldas
    • 1
  • Karina Lotz Soares
    • 1
  • Ednei Gilberto Primel
    • 1
  1. 1.Escola de Química e AlimentosUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURGRio GrandeBrazil

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