Microchimica Acta

, Volume 182, Issue 5–6, pp 1187–1196 | Cite as

Extraction of ultra-traces of lead, chromium and copper using ruthenium nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon and modified with N,N-bis-(α-methylsalicylidene)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine

  • Behruz Barfi
  • Maryam Rajabi
  • Mahboubeh Morshedi Zadeh
  • Mehrorang Ghaedi
  • Masoud Salavati-Niasari
  • Reza Sahraei
Original Paper

Abstract

We describe a novel adsorbent for effective extraction of lead(II), chromium(III) and copper(II). It consists of ruthenium nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon that were modified with N,N-bis-(α-methylsalicylidene)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine. The sorbent was applied to solid-phase extraction combined with ionic-liquid based dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method. The effects of parameters such as amounts of adsorbent, type and volume of elution solvent, type and volume of extraction and dispersing solvents, etc. were evaluated. The ions were then quantified by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Under the best conditions, limits of detection, linear dynamic ranges and enrichment factors for these ions ranged from 0.02 to 0.09 μg L−1, 0.08 to 45 μg L−1 and 328 to 356, respectively. The results showed that the method, in addition to its sensitivity, selectivity and good enrichment factor, is simple and efficient. It was applied to the determination of the three ions in blood plasma, food (broccoli, coriander and spinach), and in (spiked) samples of tap, spring and river water.

Graphical Abstract

Solid-phase extraction coupled with ionic liquid-based liquid-liquid microextraction using modified ruthenium nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon.

Keywords

Ruthenium nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon N,N-bis-(α-methylsalicylidene)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine Metals Plasma Food Water 

Supplementary material

604_2014_1434_MOESM1_ESM.docx (69 kb)
ESM 1(DOCX 69 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Banci L, Bertini I, Cantini F, Ciofi-Baffoni S (2010) Cellular copper distribution: a mechanistic systems biology approach. Cell Mol Life Sci 67:2563–2589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yousefi SM, Shemirani F (2013) Selective and sensitive speciation analysis of Cr (VI) and Cr (III) in water samples by fiber optic-linear array detection spectrophotometry after ion pair based-surfactant assisted dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction. J Hazard Mater 254:134–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oymak T, Tokalıoğlu Ş, Yılmaz V, Kartal Ş, Aydın D (2009) Determination of lead and cadmium in food samples by the coprecipitation method. Food Chem 113:1314–1317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rajabi M, Asemipour S, Barfi B, Jamali MR, Behzad M (2014) Ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry of cobalt, copper, and zinc in environmental water samples. J Mol Liq 194:166–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yilmaz V, Arslan Z, Hazer O, Yilmaz H (2014) Selective solid phase extraction of copper using a new Cu (II)-imprinted polymer and determination by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Microchem J 114:65–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pinto JJ, Moreno C, García-Vargas M (2002) A simple and very sensitive spectrophotometric method for the direct determination of copper ions. Anal Bioanal Chem 373:844–848CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Labrecque C, Potvin S, Whitty-Léveillé L, Larivière D (2013) Cloud point extraction of uranium using H2DEH[MDP] in acidic conditions. Talanta 107:284–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Aouarram A, Galindo-Riaño M, García-Vargas M, Stitou M, El Yousfi F (2007) A permeation liquid membrane system for determination of nickel in seawater. Talanta 71:165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Efendioğlu A, Yağan M, Batı B (2007) Bi (III) 4-methylpiperidinedithiocarbamate coprecipitation procedure for separation–pre-concentration of trace metal ions in water samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination. J Hazard Mater 149:160–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rajabi M, Barfi B, Asghari A, Najafi F, Aran R (2014) Hybrid amine-functionalized titania/silica nanoparticles for solid-phase extraction of lead, copper, and zinc from food and water samples: kinetics and Equilibrium studies. Food Anal Methods. doi:10.1007/s12161-014-9964-x Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhou Q, Xing A, Zhao K (2014) Simultaneous determination of nickel, cobalt and mercury ions in water samples by solid phase extraction using multiwalled carbon nanotubes as adsorbent after chelating with sodium diethyldithiocarbamate prior to high performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A 1360:76–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Camel V (2003) Solid phase extraction of trace elements. Spectrochim Acta B 58:1177–1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    He Q, Hu Z, Jiang Y, Chang X, Tu Z, Zhang L (2010) Preconcentration of Cu (II), Fe (III) and Pb (II) with 2-((2-aminoethylamino) methyl) phenol-functionalized activated carbon followed by ICP-OES determination. J Hazard Mater 175:710–714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kikuchi Y, Qian Q, Machida M, Tatsumoto H (2006) Effect of ZnO loading to activated carbon on Pb (II) adsorption from aqueous solution. Carbon 44:195–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Karimipour G, Ghaedi M, Sahraei R, Daneshfar A, Biyareh MN (2012) Modification of gold nanoparticle loaded on activated carbon with bis (4-methoxysalicylaldehyde)-1, 2-phenylenediamine as new sorbent for enrichment of some metal ions. Biol Trace Elem Res 145:109–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rezaee M, Assadi Y, Milani Hosseini MR, Aghaee E, Ahmadi F, Berijani S (2006) Determination of organic compounds in water using dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction. J Chromatogr A 1116:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hu B, He M, Chen B, Xia L (2013) Liquid phase microextraction for the analysis of trace elements and their speciation. Spectrochim Acta B 86:14–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anderson JL, Armstrong DW, Wei GT (2006) Ionic liquids in analytical chemistry. Anal Chem 78:2892–2902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rajabi M, Haji-Esfandiari S, Barfi B, Ghanbari H (2014) Ultrasound-assisted temperature-controlled ionic-liquid dispersive liquid-phase microextraction method for simultaneous determination of anethole, estragole, and para-anisaldehyde in different plant extracts and human urine: a comparative study. Anal Bioanal Chem 460:4501–4512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wen S, Wu J, Zhu X (2013) Room temperature ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction combined with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for the speciation of chromium (III) and chromium (VI). J Mol Liq 180:59–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rao RN, Raju SS, Vali RM (2013) Ionic-liquid based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction followed by high performance liquid chromatographic determination of anti-hypertensives in rat serum. J Chromatogr B 931:174–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    He L, Luo X, Jiang X, Qu L (2010) A new 1, 3-dibutylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction to determine organophosphorus pesticides in water and fruit samples by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr A 1217:5013–5020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Shamsipur M, Fattahi N, Sadeghi M, Pirsaheb M (2014) Determination of ultra traces of lead in water samples after combined solid-phase extraction–dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. J Iran Chem Soc 11:249–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Shamsipur M, Fattahi N, Assadi Y, Sadeghi M, Sharafi K (2014) Speciation of as (III) and as (V) in water samples by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after solid phase extraction combined with dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the solidification of floating organic drop. Talanta 130:26–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Salavati-Niasari M, Salemi P, Davar F (2005) Oxidation of cyclohexene with tert-butylhydroperoxide and hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by Cu (II), Ni (II), Co (II) and Mn (II) complexes of N, N-bis-(α-methylsalicylidene)-2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diamine supported on alumina. J Mol Catal A Chem 238:215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Joo SH, Park JY, Renzas JR, Butcher DR, Huang W, Somorjai GA (2010) Size effect of ruthenium nanoparticles in catalytic carbon monoxide oxidation. Nano Lett 10:2709–2713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sahraei R, Motedayen Aval G, Goudarzi A (2008) Compositional, structural, and optical study of nanocrystalline ZnS thin films prepared by a new chemical bath deposition route. J Alloys Compd 466:488–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Behbahani M, Najafi M, Amini MM, Sadeghi O, Bagheri A, Salarian M (2013) Dithizone-modified nanoporous fructose as a novel sorbent for solid-phase extraction of ultra-trace levels of heavy metals. Microchim Acta 180:911–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Salarian M, Ghanbarpour A, Behbahani M, Bagheri S, Bagheri A (2014) A metal-organic framework sustained by a nanosized Ag12 cuboctahedral node for solid-phase extraction of ultra traces of lead(II) ions. Microchim Acta 181:999–1007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hajiaghababaei L, Tajmiri T, Badiei A, Ganjali MR, Khaniani Y, Ziarani GM (2013) Heavy metals determination in water and food samples after preconcentration by a new nanoporous adsorbent. Food Chem 141:1916–1922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Taghizadeh M, Asgharinezhad AA, Pooladi M, Barzin M, Abbaszadeh A, Tadjarodi A (2013) A novel magnetic metal organic framework nanocomposite for extraction and preconcentration of heavy metal ions, and its optimization via experimental design methodology. Microchim Acta 180:1073–1084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Taghizadeh M, Asgharinezhad AA, Samkhaniany N, Tadjarodi A, Abbaszadeh A, Pooladi M (2014) Solid phase extraction of heavy metal ions based on a novel functionalized magnetic multi-walled carbon nanotube composite with the aid of experimental design methodology. Microchim Acta 181:597–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Behruz Barfi
    • 1
  • Maryam Rajabi
    • 1
  • Mahboubeh Morshedi Zadeh
    • 1
  • Mehrorang Ghaedi
    • 2
  • Masoud Salavati-Niasari
    • 3
  • Reza Sahraei
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySemnan UniversitySemnanIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryYasouj UniversityYasoujIran
  3. 3.Institute of Nano Science and Nano TechnologyKashan UniversityKashanIran
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryIlam UniversityIlamIran

Personalised recommendations