Microchimica Acta

, Volume 181, Issue 11–12, pp 1317–1324 | Cite as

Selection and characterization of single stranded DNA aptamers recognizing fumonisin B1

  • Xiujuan Chen
  • Yukun Huang
  • Nuo Duan
  • Shijia Wu
  • Yu Xia
  • Xiaoyuan Ma
  • Changqing Zhu
  • Yuan Jiang
  • Zhansheng Ding
  • Zhouping WangEmail author
Original Paper


We present an improved method for the selection of single-stranded DNA aptamers that can recognize fumonisin B1 (FB1). FB1 is a carcinogenic mycotoxin mainly found in corn and corn-based food products worldwide, posing a global threat to feed and food safety. Selection was based on the mag-SELEX (magnetic bead systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment) technology modified by adopting free analogs of targets rather than immobilized targets for counter selections. Firstly, aptamer candidates for FB1 were selected from an 80 nt random DNA library after 13 rounds of selection. Next, binding assays were performed for affinity evaluation, and circular dichroism spectroscopy was used to investigate their conformation. A high-affinity aptamer designated as F10 (with a dissociation constant of 62 ± 5 nM) was identified and tested for its specificity by competitive binding assays. The results demonstrate that this improved mag-SELEX technology facilitates aptamer screening because it avoids the tedious immobilization of counter-selection molecules on magnetic beads. The aptamers obtained by this technique open new possibilities for the detection of FB1 via aptasensors.

Graphical Abstract

Illustration of SELEX selection procedure. An improved method for selection of ssDNA aptamers recognizing fumonisin B1 was developed based on magnetic beads. Free analogs of targets rather than immobilized were used for counter selections, facilitating the selection and leading to affinity-raised aptamers.


Fumonisin B1 Aptamer SELEX Magnetic beads Competition 



This work was partly supported by NSFC (21375049), National S&T Support Program of China (2012BAK08B01), S&T Supporting Project of Jiangsu Province (BE2011621, BE2012614), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (20110093110002), NCET-11-0663, JUSRP51309A and JUSRP21125.

Supplementary material

604_2014_1260_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (268 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 268 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiujuan Chen
    • 1
  • Yukun Huang
    • 1
  • Nuo Duan
    • 1
  • Shijia Wu
    • 1
  • Yu Xia
    • 1
  • Xiaoyuan Ma
    • 1
  • Changqing Zhu
    • 2
  • Yuan Jiang
    • 2
  • Zhansheng Ding
    • 1
  • Zhouping Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and TechnologyJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina
  2. 2.Animal, Plant and Food Inspection CentreJiangsu Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine BureauNanjingChina

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