Microchimica Acta

, Volume 181, Issue 9–10, pp 911–916 | Cite as

Thermally treated bare gold nanoparticles for colorimetric sensing of copper ions

  • Hao-Hua Deng
  • Guang-Wen Li
  • Ai-Lin Liu
  • Wei Chen
  • Xin-Hua Lin
  • Xing-Hua Xia
Original Paper

Abstract

We demonstrate a sensitive and rapid colorimetric assay for selective detection of copper ions based on the strong coordination between Cu(II) ions and the tetrahydroxyaurate anions [Au(OH)4] on the surface of thermally treated bare gold nanoparticles (GNPs). The method for making the unmodified GNPs is simple and results in a nanomaterial with a highly specific response to Cu(II). The thermal treatment of the bare GNPs and the recognition of Cu(II) ions is accomplished in a single step within 5 min. The presence of Cu(II) causes the color to change from red to purple-blue. The limit of detection (LOD) is 0.04 μM of Cu(II) when using UV–vis spectrometry and ratioing the absorbances at 650 and 515 nm, respectively. The method also is amenable to bare eye (visual) inspection and in this case has an LOD of 2.0 μM of Cu(II).

Figure

Due to the strong coordination of Cu(II) ions with the tetrahydroxyaurate anions [Au(OH)4]- on the thermally treated bare GNPs, Cu(II) can directly induce the aggregation of the GNPs, resulting in an obvious color change from wine-red to purple-blue.

Keywords

Colorimetric sensor Gold nanoparticle Thermal treatment Copper ion Quantification 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21175023), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-0618), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2011J01034, 2012J06019), and the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in Fujian Province University (JA11102).

Supplementary material

604_2014_1184_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (155 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 155 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hao-Hua Deng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guang-Wen Li
    • 2
  • Ai-Lin Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xin-Hua Lin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xing-Hua Xia
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical AnalysisFujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Nano Medical Technology Research InstituteFujian Medical UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina

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