Microchimica Acta

, Volume 174, Issue 3–4, pp 383–390 | Cite as

Voltammetric sensor for caffeine based on a glassy carbon electrode modified with Nafion and graphene oxide

  • Fangyuan Zhao
  • Fei Wang
  • Weining Zhao
  • Jing Zhou
  • Yang Liu
  • Lina Zou
  • Baoxian YeEmail author
Original Paper


We report on a voltammetric sensor for caffeine that is based on a glassy carbon electrode modified with Nafion and graphene oxide (GO). It exhibits a good affinity for caffeine (resulting from the presence of Nafion), and excellent electrochemical response (resulting from the pressence of GO) for the oxidation of caffeine. The electrode enables the determination of caffeine in the range from 4.0 × 10−7 to 8.0 × 10−5 mol L−1, with a detection limit of 2.0 × 10−7 mol L−1. The sensor displays good stability, reproducibility, and high sensitivity. It was successfully applied to the quantitative determination of caffeine in beverages.


A new electrochemical sensor, based on graphene oxide (GO)-Nafion composite film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE), was developed and used for detection of trace amounts of caffeine in a wide range with a low detection limit.


Caffeine Nafion Graphene oxide Modified electrode Voltammetry 



The authors express their great thanks for the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 20875083 & 20775073) and the Innovation Scientists & Technicians Troop Construction Projects of Zhengzhou City (10LJRC192).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fangyuan Zhao
    • 1
  • Fei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Weining Zhao
    • 1
  • Jing Zhou
    • 1
  • Yang Liu
    • 1
  • Lina Zou
    • 1
  • Baoxian Ye
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Material and Chemistry EngineeringHenan Institute of EngineeringZhengzhouChina

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