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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 174, Issue 3–4, pp 303–309 | Cite as

Biosensor based on a glassy carbon electrode modified with tyrosinase immmobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotubes

  • Jing Ren
  • Tian-Fang KangEmail author
  • Rui Xue
  • Chao-Nan Ge
  • Shui-Yuan Cheng
Original Paper

Abstract

We describe a biosensor for phenolic compounds that is based on a glassy carbon electrode modified with tyrosinase immobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). The MWNTs possess excellent inherent electrical conductivity which enhances the electron transfer rate and results in good electrochemical catalytic activity towards the reduction of benzoquinone produced by enzymatic reaction. The biosensor was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, and the experimental conditions were optimized. The cathodíc current is linearly related to the concentration of the phenols between 0.4 μM and 10 μM, and the detection limit is 0.2 μM. The method was applied to the determination of phenol in water samples.

Figure

A tyrosinase and carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) modified glassy carbon electrode was fabricated and used for the sensitive detection of phenol. The reduction peak of benzoquinone produced by enzymatic reaction of phenol was greatly enhanced due to the presence of MWNTs(c)

Keywords

Tyrosinase Multiwalled carbon nanotubes Electrochemical biosensors Phenols 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20247002), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No.8102009), the Beijing Municipal Education Commission Scientific Technological Project Foundation (No. KZ201110005006) and Beijing Municipal institution of higher learning academic innovating group projects (No. PHR 201007105).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Ren
    • 1
  • Tian-Fang Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rui Xue
    • 1
  • Chao-Nan Ge
    • 1
  • Shui-Yuan Cheng
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Environmental and Energy EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina

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