Microchimica Acta

, Volume 172, Issue 1–2, pp 3–14 | Cite as

Microwave assisted extraction for mercury speciation analysis

  • Laura Hinojosa Reyes
  • Jorge Luis Guzmán Mar
  • Aracely Hernández-Ramírez
  • Juan Manuel Peralta-Hernández
  • Juan Manuel Alfaro Barbosa
  • H. M. Skip Kingston
Review Article

Abstract

The application of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) to the work-up of environmental and biological samples in the study of mercury speciation analysis has increased in recent years and is now increasingly accepted as a standard approach. The review provides a brief theoretical background of microwave heating and the basic principles of microwave energy used for extraction. The advantages and disadvantages of (a) MAE techniques, (b) the influence of the main parameters affecting the extraction, (c) statistical optimization approaches, and (d) strategies for method validation also are highlighted. Recent applications of MAE to mercury species analyses in biological samples, soils, sediments, and crude oil samples are surveyed and critically reviewed. In addition, comparisons of its use with other well-established extraction procedures are discussed.

Figure

Microwave-assisted extraction has become a very useful sample preparation techniques in the study of mercury speciation in environmental and biological samples

Keywords

Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) Sample preparation Speciation analysis Mercury Mercury species Method validation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Hinojosa Reyes
    • 1
  • Jorge Luis Guzmán Mar
    • 1
  • Aracely Hernández-Ramírez
    • 1
  • Juan Manuel Peralta-Hernández
    • 1
  • Juan Manuel Alfaro Barbosa
    • 1
  • H. M. Skip Kingston
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de Nuevo LeónSan Nicolás de los GarzaMéxico
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryDuquesne UniversityPittsburghUSA

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