Microchimica Acta

, Volume 170, Issue 3–4, pp 215–225 | Cite as

Biosensors for effective environmental and agrifood protection and commercialization: from research to market

  • Viviana Scognamiglio
  • Gianni Pezzotti
  • Ittalo Pezzotti
  • Juan Cano
  • Katia Buonasera
  • Daniela Giannini
  • Maria Teresa Giardi


Biosensors are projected to find many applications due to their high selectivity and sensitivity, rapid reaction, economy and ease of handling in field measurements. Even though biosensors for a wide range of environmental pollutants have been extensively reported in the literature, the decision to develop a suitable biosensing system that can be approved by a regulatory perspective for environmental applications is fraught with technical issues. These issues mainly concern the biological recognition element, the physico-chemical transducer and the interfaces between the biological and the physical components, but also aspects of fluidics, electronics, and software for data processing. This article reviews methods together with a process to move biosensor technology from research laboratories to market, focusing as a case in point on challenges and possible opportunities in the development of photosynthetic-based biosensors for environmental applications.


Biosensor platform Electro-optical transduction systems Analytical methods Photosynthetic organisms Pollutants Environmental monitoring In field analyses Biosensor market 



During the years 2005–2009 the photosynthetic-based biosensor prototypes were supported by the following projects within Eurotransbio, EU and MAP/MIUR-IT Calls: Multibioplat, Multitask, B01/0547/03/X3, MAP-IT, Biodiserba 6932 and Agrobiosens 9431, MIUR-IT, BEEP-C-EN, EU.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Viviana Scognamiglio
    • 1
  • Gianni Pezzotti
    • 2
  • Ittalo Pezzotti
    • 2
  • Juan Cano
    • 2
  • Katia Buonasera
    • 1
  • Daniela Giannini
    • 1
  • Maria Teresa Giardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Crystallography, AdR1 Department of AgrofoodItalian National Research Council (CNR)Monterotondo ScaloRomeItaly
  2. 2.Biosensor srlFormelloItaly

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