Biosensors for effective environmental and agrifood protection and commercialization: from research to market
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Biosensors are projected to find many applications due to their high selectivity and sensitivity, rapid reaction, economy and ease of handling in field measurements. Even though biosensors for a wide range of environmental pollutants have been extensively reported in the literature, the decision to develop a suitable biosensing system that can be approved by a regulatory perspective for environmental applications is fraught with technical issues. These issues mainly concern the biological recognition element, the physico-chemical transducer and the interfaces between the biological and the physical components, but also aspects of fluidics, electronics, and software for data processing. This article reviews methods together with a process to move biosensor technology from research laboratories to market, focusing as a case in point on challenges and possible opportunities in the development of photosynthetic-based biosensors for environmental applications.
KeywordsBiosensor platform Electro-optical transduction systems Analytical methods Photosynthetic organisms Pollutants Environmental monitoring In field analyses Biosensor market
During the years 2005–2009 the photosynthetic-based biosensor prototypes were supported by the following projects within Eurotransbio, EU and MAP/MIUR-IT Calls: Multibioplat, Multitask, B01/0547/03/X3, MAP-IT, Biodiserba 6932 and Agrobiosens 9431, MIUR-IT, BEEP-C-EN, EU.
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