Microchimica Acta

, Volume 166, Issue 3–4, pp 337–341 | Cite as

Application of 1,10-phenanthroline for preconcentration of selected heavy metals on silica gel

  • Barbara Mikuła
  • Bożena Puzio
  • Barbara Feist
Original Paper


The complexing agent 1,10-phenanthroline was adsorbed on silica gel particles and used to separate and preconcentrate Cd(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) ions. Both the static and the dynamic methods were employed. The effects of pH, amount of silica gel, stirring time and sample volume were optimized, and the limits of detection, linear ranges and preconcentration factors were determined. The recovery of the metals ranges from 59 to 92 in the case of the static method, but it is much better (99 to 101) in the case of the dynamic method. The limits of detection (LOD) of the ICP-OES method are 5.8, 29.8, 6.7, 24.6, 10.8, and 7.12 μg L−1, respectively. The methods were elaborated for the group concentration and determination of various metals in reference and plant materials.


ICP-OES 1,10-phenanthroline Silica gel Heavy metals 


  1. 1.
    Jal PK, Dutta RK et al (2001) Extraction of metal ions using chemically modified silica gel: a PIXE analysis. Talanta 55:233–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fan Jing Wu, Chunlai Xu, Haizhu WJ, Chuanyun P (2008) Chemically functionalized silica gel with alizarin violet and its application for selective solid-phase extraction of lead from environmental samples. Talanta 74:1020–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang Y, Qu R, Sun C, Chen H, Wang C, Ji C, Yin P, Sun Y, Zhang H, Niu Y (2009) Comparison of synthesis of chelating resin silica-gel-supported diethylenetriamine and its removal properties for transition metal ions. J Hazard Mater 163:127–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Venkatesh G, Singh AK, Venkataramani B (2004) Silica gel loaded with o-Dihydroxybenzene: design, metal sorption equilibrium studies and application to metal enrichment prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Microchim Acta 144:233–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Matoso E, Kubota LT, Cadore S (2003) Use of silica gel chemically modified with zirconium phosphate for preconcentration and determination of lead and copper by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Talanta 60:1105–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goswami A, Singh AK (2002) 1, 8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone anchored on silica gel: synthesis and application as solid phase extractant for lead(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) prior to their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Talanta 58:669–678CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Abou-El-Sherbini KS, Kenawy IMM, Hamed MA, Issa RM, Elmorsi R (2002) Separation and preconcentration in a batch mode of Cd(II), Cr(III, VI), Cu(II), Mn(II, VII) and Pb(II) by solid-phase extraction by using of silica modified with N-propylsalicylaldimine. Talanta 58:289–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prado AGS, Airoldi C (2001) Adsorption, preconcentration and separation of cations on silica gel chemically modified with the herbicide 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Anal Chim Acta 432:201–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ekinci C, Köklü Ü (2000) Determination of vanadium, manganese, silver and lead by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry after preconcentration on silica-gel modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. Spectrochim Acta Part B 55:1491–1495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Castro GR, Cristante VM, Padilha CCF, Jorge SMA et al (2008) Determination of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) in aqueous samples by ICP-OES after on-line preconcentration in column packed with silica modified with 2-aminothiazole. Microchim Acta 160:203–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hassanien MM, Abou-El-Sherbini KS (2006) Synthesis and characterisation of morin-functionalised silica gel for the enrichment of some precious metal ions. Talanta 68:1550–1559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mahmoud ME, Al Saadi MSM (2001) Selective solid phase extraction and preconcentration of iron(III) based on silica gel-chemically immobilized purpurogallin. Anal Chim Acta 450:239–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Osman MM, Kholeif SA, Abou Al-Maaty NA, Mahmoud ME (2003) Metal sorption, solid phase extraction and preconcentration properties of two silica gel phases chemically modified with 2-Hydroxy-1-Naphthaldehyde. Microchim Acta 143:25–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mikuła B, Puzio B (2007) Determination of trace metals by ICP-OES in plant materials after preconcentration of 1, 10-phenanthroline complexes on activated carbon. Talanta 71:136–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sturgeor RE, Berman SS, Willie SN (1982) Concentration of trace metals from sea-water by complexation with 8-hydroxyquinoline and adsorption on C18-bonded silica gel. Talanta 29:167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pourreza N, Hoveizavi R (2005) Simultaneous preconcentration of Cu, Fe and Pb as methylthymol blue complexes on naphthalene adsorbent and flame atomic absorption determination. Anal Chim Acta 549:124–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Saraçoglu S, Elçi L (2002) Column solid-phase extraction with Chromosorb-102 resin and determination of trace elements in water and sediment samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 452:77–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ramesh A, Mohan KR, Seshaiah K (2002) Preconcentration of trace metals on Amberlite XAD-4 resin coated with dithiocarbamates and determination by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry in saline matrices. Talanta 57:243–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Analytical ChemistryUniversity of SilesiaKatowicePoland

Personalised recommendations