Microchimica Acta

, Volume 160, Issue 1–2, pp 275–281 | Cite as

Electrochemical behavior of lead(II) at poly(phenol red) modified glassy carbon electrode, and its trace determination by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry

  • Gongjun YangEmail author
  • Xilong Qu
  • Ming ShenEmail author
  • Chengyin Wang
  • Qishu Qu
  • Xiaoya Hu
Original Paper


Poly(phenol red) (denoted as PPR) films were electrochemically synthesized on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by cyclic voltammetry to obtain a chemically modified electrode (denoted as PPR-GCE). The growth mechanism of PPR films was studied by attenuated total reflection spectroscopy. This PPR-GCE was used to develop a novel and reliable method for the determination of trace Pb2+ by anodic stripping differential pulse voltammetry. At optimum conditions, the anodic peak exhibits a good linear concentration dependence in the range from 5.0 × 10−9 to 5.0 × 10−7 mol L−1 (r = 0.9989). The detection limit is 2.0 × 10−9 mol L−1 (S/N = 3). The method was employed to determine trace levels of Pb2+ in industrial waste water samples.

Keywords: Lead ion; poly(phenol red); electrochemical behavior; differential pulse voltammetry; trace determination 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouP.R. China

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