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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 159, Issue 3–4, pp 207–215 | Cite as

White-light-emitting diodes using semiconductor nanocrystals

  • Yanqin Li
  • Aurora Rizzo
  • Roberto Cingolani
  • Giuseppe Gigli
Review

Abstract.

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on colloidal inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals (QDs) represent a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and flat-panel lighting systems. Their major advantages are the easy tuning of the saturated color emission across the visible-NIR range and the high chemical and optical stability of the nanocrystal composites. These characteristics open the way to a new class of hybrid devices in which the low cost, flexible technology of organic LEDs is combined with the long operating lifetime of inorganic semiconductor devices. However, so far, few studies have been reported on white-LEDs based on QDs. This review shows recent developments in the general method for the fabrication of stable white-LEDs comprising QDs with a potentially long lifetime.

Keywords: Light-emitting diodes (LEDs); white emission; nanocrystals; quantum dots (QDs) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanqin Li
    • 1
  • Aurora Rizzo
    • 1
  • Roberto Cingolani
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Gigli
    • 1
  1. 1.NNL, National Nanotechnology Laboratory of CNR-INFM, Distretto Tecnologico ISUFI, Engineering of Innovation DepartmentLecce UniversityLecceItaly

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