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Microchimica Acta

, Volume 152, Issue 3–4, pp 239–247 | Cite as

Control of the Properties of Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized by CVD for Application in Electrochemical Biosensors

  • Izaskun BusteroEmail author
  • García Ainara
  • Obieta Isabel
  • Muñoz Roberto
  • Rincón Inés
  • Arteche Amaya
Article

Abstract.

Interest in carbon nanotubes (CNT) has grown at a very rapid rate in the last decade. Their interesting physical and chemical properties open attractive possibilities in many application areas. These properties depend on the process conditions during synthesis and on subsequent purification steps. Recent studies have demonstrated that CNT can promote the electron transfer of biomolecules. These exceptional properties make them attractive for use in electrochemical biosensors.

Multi walled nanotubes have been synthesized by the Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) method using methane as a carbon source and Ni–Al2O3–SiO2 as the catalyst. The influence of the variation of certain reaction parameters such as feed gas composition, catalyst mass, temperature and reaction time in the yield of the CVD process has been established. In addition, the structural and chemical characteristics of the CNTs have been studied and a purification process to eliminate the catalyst and amorphous carbon has been developed that involves a gaseous oxidative process and acid treatment. The efficiency of the purification step has been determined by analytical techniques.

Atomic force microscopy, Raman scattering, thermogravimetric analysis, inductively coupled plasma atomic spectroscopy are the characterization techniques employed in this work.

Key words: Carbon nanotubes; CVD; functionalization. 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Izaskun Bustero
    • 1
    Email author
  • García Ainara
    • 1
  • Obieta Isabel
    • 1
  • Muñoz Roberto
    • 1
  • Rincón Inés
    • 1
  • Arteche Amaya
    • 1
  1. 1.Fundación InasmetSan SebastiánSpain

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