Simple and Rapid Method for Determination of Selenium in Breast Milk by HG-AFS
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- Mazej, D., Horvat, M., Barbone, F. et al. Microchim. Acta (2004) 147: 73. doi:10.1007/s00604-004-0218-2
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A digestion procedure using H2SO4/HNO3/H2O2 was found to be effective for destruction of human milk samples. In conjunction with a sensitive hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry detection system, it is suitable for determination of selenium in those samples where the available mass of breast milk and the low selenium concentration are limiting factors. Only 1 g of milk sample is needed. The procedure is simple, rapid and of low contamination potential since it is performed in the same Teflon tube from weighing to measurement. The digestion of 20 samples is completed in three hours. The detection limit is 0.25±0.04 ng g−1 of a measured solution of sample or 2.5 ng g−1 of milk. The relative uncertainty is 10% (coverage factor of 2.3, 95% probability). Because of these advantages the method is particularly suitable for epidemiological studies. The mean concentration of selenium in 62 samples of human milk from lactating women residing in the North East of Italy was 12±3 ng g−1, which is in the range of reference data.