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Influence of the Effective Vertical Stresses on Hydraulic Fracture Initiation Pressures in Shale and Engineered Geothermal Systems Explorations

  • Gayani GunarathnaEmail author
  • Bruno Gonçalves da Silva
Technical Note
  • 39 Downloads

Introduction

In recent years, hydrocarbon extraction is relying progressively more on hydraulic fracturing stimulation of shale reservoirs to increase their permeability and, therefore, their productivity. Engineered geothermal systems (EGS) have also been using hydraulic fracturing to create and mobilize fractures in the hot rock through which water is circulated to subsequently recover its heat at the surface. Hydraulic fracturing consists of the injection of fluid into rock at an adequate pressure to create new fractures as well as to open, or mobilize, existing ones. These newly formed and mobilized fractures can serve as highly permeable pathways to enhance the reservoir productivity (Frash 2007). Taking advantage of the hydraulic fracturing technology, shale oil and gas production have grown considerably in the past decade (McClure 2012) and EGS have been increasingly used in pilot developments (Tester 2006). While hydraulic fracturing has been extensively used in field...

Keywords

Hydraulic fracturing Shale stimulation Enhanced geothermal systems Breakdown pressure 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their gratitude for the support from NSF, through award number 1,738,081, under which the present study was conducted.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewarkUSA

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