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Elastic-Softening-Plasticity Around a Borehole: An Analytical and Experimental Study

  • Adelina Lv
  • Hossein Masoumi
  • Stuart D. C. Walsh
  • Hamid Roshan
Original Paper
  • 193 Downloads

Abstract

Analytical solutions of near-borehole stress–strain responses are often based on simple elastic-perfectly plastic constitutive models. However, such models are incapable of capturing rock softening, and thus often disagree with observed failure patterns. Therefore, in this study, we present a set of closed-form solutions to estimate the stress–strain response around a borehole in a finite medium obeying elastic-softening-plasticity. Solutions are presented for material subject to either Mohr–Coulomb (M–C) or Hoek–Brown (H–B) failure criteria. The proposed analytical solutions define two failure surfaces to capture the peak and residual stress states, which are linked by a softening law. We demonstrate how to identify these two surfaces by first conducting a set of triaxial tests on a sandstone sample to differentiate the deformation stages. The proposed methodology provides a practical approach to characterize the strain-softening response with good accuracy. Finally, the proposed analytical solutions are validated through comparisons with (a) numerical simulations and (b) hydrostatic experiments on hollow-cylinder sandstone samples analysed using Digital Image Correlation. The strain development and interfaces calculated from the proposed model are in good agreement with the experimental and numerical data.

Keywords

Analytical solution Hoek–Brown Mohr–Coulomb Constitutive model Elastoplasticity Digital Image Correlation (DIC) 

List of symbols

\({{{{\upsigma}}}_{\text{r}}}\),\({\sigma _\theta }\)

Radial and tangential stress

\({{{{\upvarepsilon}}}_{\text{r}}}\),\({{{{\upvarepsilon}}}_{{{\uptheta}}}}\)

Radial and tangential strain

\({{\text{r}}_{\text{a}}}\)

Internal radius of the borehole

\({{\text{r}}_{\text{o}}}\)

External radius of the medium

\({{\text{R}}_{\text{e}}}\)

The interface between the elastic and softening zones

\({{\text{R}}_{\text{f}}}\)

The interface between softening and residual zones

\({{{{\upsigma}}}_{\text{e}}}\)

The radial stress at Re

u

Radial displacement

ν

Poisson’s ratio

E

Young’s modulus

\(\phi\)

The angle of internal friction

ψ

Dilation angle

c

Cohesion

\({{\text{c}}_{\text{o}}}\)

Original cohesion

\({{\text{c}}_{\text{r}}}\)

Residual value of cohesion

m

Hoek–Brown parameter

\({{\text{m}}_{\text{o}}}\)

Hoek–Brown parameter of original state

\({{\text{m}}_{\text{r}}}\)

Hoek–Brown parameter of residual state

\({{{{\upsigma}}}_{\text{c}}}\)

Uniaxial compressive strength (UCS)

\({{\text{p}}_{\text{a}}}\)

Borehole pressure

\({\sigma _{\text{o}}}\)

External pressure

Notes

Acknowledgements

Adelina Lv gratefully acknowledges the Australian Government Research Training Program for providing her scholarship.

Supplementary material

603_2018_1650_MOESM1_ESM.tif (7.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIF 7523 KB)
603_2018_1650_MOESM2_ESM.tif (7.3 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (TIF 7523 KB)
603_2018_1650_MOESM3_ESM.tif (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 3 (TIF 1371 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adelina Lv
    • 1
  • Hossein Masoumi
    • 2
  • Stuart D. C. Walsh
    • 2
  • Hamid Roshan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Minerals and Energy Resources EngineeringUNSW AustraliaKensingtonAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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