Advertisement

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 1773–1787 | Cite as

Ground Motion Relations While TBM Drilling in Unconsolidated Sediments

  • Michael GrundEmail author
  • Joachim R. R. Ritter
  • Manuel Gehrig
Original Paper
  • 513 Downloads

Abstract

The induced ground motions due to the tunnel boring machine (TBM), which has been used for the drilling of the urban metro tunnel in Karlsruhe (SW Germany), has been studied using the continuous recordings of seven seismological monitoring stations. The drilling has been undertaken in unconsolidated sediments of the Rhine River system, relatively close to the surface at 6–20 m depth and in the vicinity of many historic buildings. Compared to the reference values of DIN 4150-3 (1–80 Hz), no exceedance of the recommended peak ground velocity (PGV) limits (3–5 mm/s) was observed at the single recording site locations on building basements during the observation period between October 2014 and February 2015. Detailed analyses in the time and frequency domains helped with the detection of the sources of several specific shaking signals in the recorded time series and with the comparison of the aforementioned TBM-induced signals. The amplitude analysis allowed for the determination of a PGV attenuation relation (quality factor Q ~ 30–50) and the comparison of the TBM-induced ground motion with other artificially induced and natural ground motions of similar amplitudes.

Keywords

TBM tunnelling Induced ground motions Unconsolidated sediments PGV Attenuation relation Seismological analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Werner Scherer and Hartmut Thomas for help with technical work and station installation. Rainer Plokarz helped with data handling and Dr. James Daniell with language editing. Prof. Dr. Friedemann Wenzel is thanked for discussions. At KIT Dietmar Beuchelt, Ernst Heene and Dr. Gerhard Kabierske helped with the station site finding. The editor Giovanni Barla and an anonymous reviewer helped to clarify some parts of the manuscript. TBM operation data were kindly provided by Herrenknecht AG and BeMo Tunnelling GmbH. Furthermore, we thank KASIG-Karlsruher Schieneninfrastruktur-Gesellschaft mbH for the provision of Fig. 1a. Seismological recording stations were provided by the KArlsruhe BroadBand Array (KABBA) at KIT-GPI.

References

  1. Badri M, Mooney HM (1987) Q measurements from compressional seismic waves in unconsolidated sediments. Geophysics 52(6):772–784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benslimane A, Anderson DA, Munfakh N, Zlatanic S (2005) Ground borne vibration on the East Side Access Project Manhattan segment: issues and impacts. In: Solak T (ed) Erdem Y, vol 1., Underground space use: analysis of the past and lessons for the futureTaylor & Francis, Boca Raton, pp 449–454Google Scholar
  3. Campbell KW (2009) Estimates of shear-wave Q and κ 0 for unconsolidated and semiconsolidated sediments in Eastern North America. Bull Seism Soc Am 99(4):2365–2392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carnevale M, Young G, Hager J (2000) Monitoring of TBM-induced ground vibrations. In: Ozdemir (ed) North American tunneling. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 374–384Google Scholar
  5. DIN 4150-2 (1999) DIN 4150-2:1999–06, Erschütterungen im Bauwesen-Teil 2: Einwirkungen auf Menschen in Gebäuden. Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. DIN 4150-3 (1999) DIN 4150-3:1999–03, Erschütterungen im Bauwesen-Teil 3: Einwirkungen auf bauliche Anlagen. Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. Flanagan RF (1993) Ground vibration from TBMs and shields. Tunn Tunn 25(10):30–33Google Scholar
  8. Fornaro M, Patrucco M, Sambuelli L (1993) Vibrations from explosives, high energy hydraulic hammers and TBMs; experience from Italian tunnels. In: Burger H (ed) Options for tunnelling. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 829–838Google Scholar
  9. Greenfield RJ (1983) Seismic analysis of tunnel boring machine signals at Kerckhoff Tunnel. United States Army Corps of Engineers, miscellaneous paper GL-83-19Google Scholar
  10. Groos JC, Ritter JRR (2009) Time domain classification and quantification of seismic noise in an urban environment. Geophys J Int 179:1213–1231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ho W, Wong B (2010) TBM groundborne noise prediction models. Tunn J:28–32Google Scholar
  12. Ho W, Wong B, Raine A, Kwok K (2010) Groundborne noise and vibration impact from rock tunnel boring machines. Wilson Acoustics Limited. http://www.wal.hk/downloads/Goundborne_Noise_&_Vibration_Impact_WAL.pdf. Accessed 11 Aug 2015
  13. Lavergne M (1986) Seismic methods. Editions Technip, ParisGoogle Scholar
  14. LGB-RLP (2015) Erdbebenereignisse lokal. http://www.lgb-rlp.de/ler_action.Datum.25651.html. Accessed: 20 Jul 2015
  15. Ocak I (2009) Environmental effects of tunnel excavation in soft and shallow ground with EPBM: the case of Istanbul. Environ Earth Sci 59:347–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ritter JRR, Sudhaus H (2007) Characterization of small local noise sources with array seismology. Near Surf Geophys 5:253–261Google Scholar
  17. Schön J (2011) Physical properties of rocks—a workbook. Handbook of petroleum exploration and production, vol 8. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  18. Speakman C, Lyons S (2009) Tunnelling induced ground-borne noise modelling. In: Zander AC, Howard CQ (eds) Acoustics 2009: research to consulting, proceedings of the annual conference of the Australian Acoustical Society, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  19. Stevenson IR, McCann C, Runciman PB (2002) An attenuation-based sediment classification technique using Chirp sub-bottom profiler data and laboratory acoustic analysis. Mar Geophys Res 23:227–298Google Scholar
  20. Studer JA, Laue J, Koller M (2008) Bodendynamik: Grundlagen, Kennziffern, Probleme und Lösungsansätze. Springer, Berlin Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Grund
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joachim R. R. Ritter
    • 1
  • Manuel Gehrig
    • 2
  1. 1.Geophysical InstituteKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.Research and Development, Traffic TunnellingHerrenknecht AGSchwanau-AllmannsweierGermany

Personalised recommendations