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Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 83–93 | Cite as

Mechanical Behaviour of Reservoir Rock Under Brine Saturation

  • Richa Shukla
  • P. G. RanjithEmail author
  • S. K. Choi
  • A. Haque
  • Mohan Yellishetty
  • Li Hong
Original Paper

Abstract

Acoustic emissions (AE) and stress–strain curve analysis are well accepted ways of analysing crack propagation and monitoring the various failure stages (such as crack closure, crack initiation level during rock failure under compression) of rocks and rock-like materials. This paper presents details and results of experimental investigations conducted for characterizing the brittle failure processes induced in a rock due to monocyclic uniaxial compression on loading of two types of sandstone core samples saturated in NaCl brines of varying concentration (0, 2, 5, 10 and 15 % NaCl by weight). The two types of sandstone samples were saturated under vacuum for more than 45 days with the respective pore fluid to allow them to interact with the rocks. It was observed that the uniaxial compressive strength and stress–strain behaviour of the rock specimens changed with increasing NaCl concentration in the saturating fluid. The acoustic emission patterns also varied considerably for increasing ionic strength of the saturating brines. These observations can be attributed to the deposition of NaCl crystals in the rock’s pore spaces as well some minor geo-chemical interactions between the rock minerals and the brine. The AE pattern variations could also be partly related to the higher conductivity of the ionic strength of the high-NaCl concentration brine as it is able to transfer more acoustic energy from the cracks to the AE sensors.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Sandstone Uniaxial compressive strength NaCl Salinity Acoustic emission 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richa Shukla
    • 1
  • P. G. Ranjith
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. K. Choi
    • 2
  • A. Haque
    • 1
  • Mohan Yellishetty
    • 3
  • Li Hong
    • 4
  1. 1.ARC Future Fellow, Department of Civil EngineeringMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO, Resources EngineeringMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.School of Applied Science and EngineeringMonash University, Gippsland CampusChurchillAustralia
  4. 4.Dalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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