Advertisement

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 113–122 | Cite as

Effects of Rock Classes and Porosity on the Relation between Uniaxial Compressive Strength and Some Rock Properties for Carbonate Rocks

  • M. A. RajabzadehEmail author
  • Z. Moosavinasab
  • G. Rakhshandehroo
Technical Note

Introduction

Different carbonate rock classes of various origins (namely sedimentary limestones, diagenetic dolomitic limestones, travertines, and metamorphic marbles) have been exposed and widely used as dimension stones and aggregates in different parts of Iran. Twenty percent of all Iranian decorative stone is produced in Fars Province, southern Iran. The Neyriz and Dehbid-Bavanat areas are the most important centers of rock production in the province.

As Yilmaz (2009) mentioned, rock strength is a very important criterion for classification of rocks in order to optimize construction usage and surface and/or subsurface structure designs. Some authors believe that textural and compositional characteristics of rocks affect their strength (Kahraman et al. 2005). Uniaxial compressive strength (UCS), the most widely used parameter to evaluate rock strength, requires expensive and time-consuming testing with careful sample preparation (Karakus et al. 2005). Many researchers have tried to...

Keywords

UCS Carbonate rocks Porosity Tensile strength Young’s modulus 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was carried out in conformance with a research program supported by the Research, Statistics, and Information Technology Committee of Fars Management and Programming Organization at Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. Authors would like to thank the organization for their support, and also thank reviewers for their careful review, comments, and critiques, which certainly led to improvement of the manuscript.

References

  1. ASTM (1986) Standard test method of unconfined compressive strength of intact rock core specimens. ASTM Stand. 04.08 (D 2938)Google Scholar
  2. ASTM (1993) Standard test method for elastic moduli of intact rock core specimens in uniaxial compression. ASTM Stand. 04.08 (D 3148)Google Scholar
  3. ASTM (1998) Standard test method for splitting tensile strength of intact rock core specimens (Brazilian Method). 04.08 (D3967)Google Scholar
  4. Benavente D, Garcia del Cura MA, Fort R, Ordonez S (2004) Durability estimation of porous building stones from pore structure and strength. Eng Geol 74:113–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dunn DE, LaFountain LJ, Jackson RE (1973) Porosity dependence and mechanism of brittle fracture in sandstones. J Geophys Res 78:2403–2417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hecht CA, Bonsch C, Bauch E (2005) Relations of rock structure and composition to petrophysical and geomechanical rock properties:examples from permocarboniferou red-beds. Rock Mech Rock Eng 38:197–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hoshino K (1974) Effect of porosity on the strength of the clastic sedimentary rocks. Proc 3rd Int Cong ISRM. Denver, USA. vol II, part A, pp 511–516Google Scholar
  8. Kahraman S (2001) Evaluation of simple methods for assessing the uniaxial compressive strength of rock. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 38:981–994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kahraman S, Gunaydin O (2009) The effect of rock classes on the relation between uniaxial compressive strength and point load index. Bull Eng Geol Environ. doi: 10.1007/s10064-009-0195-0
  10. Kahraman S, Gunaydin, Fener M (2005) The effect of porosity on the relation between uniaxial compressive strength and point load index. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 42:584–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Karakus M, Tutmez B (2006) Fuzzy and multiple regressions modeling for evaluation of intact rock strength based on point load, Schmidt hammer and sonic velocity. Rock Mech Rock Eng 39(1):45–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Karakus M, Kumral M, Kilic O (2005) Predicting elastic properties of intact rocks from index tests using multiple regression modeling. Rock Mech Min Sci 42:323–330Google Scholar
  13. Kelsall PC, Watters RJ, Franzone JG (1986) Engineering characterization of fissured weathered dolerite and vesicular basalt. Proc 27th US Rock Mech Symp, Tuscaloosa, USA, June 23–25, pp 78–84Google Scholar
  14. Kilic A, Teymen A (2008) Determination of mechanical properties of rocks using simple methods. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67:237–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li L, Aubertin M (2003) A general relationship between porosity and uniaxial strength of engineering materials. Can J Civil Eng 30:644–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Onodera TF, Kumara HM (1980) Relation between texture and mechanical properties of crystalline rocks. Bull Assoc Eng Geol 22:173–177Google Scholar
  17. Onodera TF, Yoshinaka R, Oda M (1974) Weathering and its relation to mechanical properties of granite. Proc 3rd ISRM Cong Denver, USA. vol II, part A, pp 71–78Google Scholar
  18. Prikryl R (2001) Some micro structural aspects of strength variation in rocks. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 38:671–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sabatakakis N, Koukis G, Tsiambaos G, Papanakli S (2008) Index properties and strength variation controlled by microstructure for sedimentary rocks Eng Geol 97:80–90Google Scholar
  20. Sharma PK, Singh TN (2007) A correlation between P-wave velocity, impact strength index, slake durability index and uniaxial compressive strength. Bull Eng Geol Env. doi: 10.1007/s10064-007-0109-y
  21. Smorodinov MI, Motovilov EA, Volkov VA (1970) Determination of correlation relationship between strength and some physical characteristics of rocks. Proc 2nd ISRM Cong, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. vol II, Theme 3–6Google Scholar
  22. Stöcklin J, Setudinia A (1972). Lexique Stratigraphique International vol III ASIE. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. 15, quai Anatole-France (Paris-VII)Google Scholar
  23. Torok A (2006) Influence of fabric on the physical properties of limestones. In: Kourkoulis SK (ed) Fracture and failure of natural bulding stones. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 487–495Google Scholar
  24. Torok A, Vasarhelyi B (2010) The influence of fabric and water content on selected rock mechanical parameters of travertine, examples from Hungary. Eng Geol 115:237–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Yilmaz I (2009) A new testing method for indirect determination of the unconfined compressive strength of rocks. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 46:1349–1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yilmaz I (2010) Influence of water content on the strength and deformability of gypsum. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 47(2):342–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yilmaz I, Yuksek AG (2008) An example of artificial neural network application for indirect estimation of rock parameters. Rock Mech Rock Eng 41(5):781–795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Yilmaz I, Yüksek AG (2009) Prediction of the strength and elasticity modulus of gypsum using multiple regression, ANN, ANFIS models and their comparison. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 46(4):803–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Rajabzadeh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Z. Moosavinasab
    • 1
  • G. Rakhshandehroo
    • 2
  1. 1.Earth Sciences Department, College of SciencesShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Civil Engineering Department, College of EngineeringShiraz UniversityShirazIran

Personalised recommendations