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Few-Body Systems

, Volume 56, Issue 6–9, pp 607–613 | Cite as

Solvable Models with Massless Light-Front Fermions

  • L’ubomír Martinovic̆Email author
  • Pierre Grangé
Article

Abstract

Two-dimensional models with massless fermions (Thirring model, Thirring–Wess and Schwinger model, among others) have been solved exactly a long time ago in the conventional (space-like) form of field theory and in some cases also in the conformal field theoretical approach. However, solutions in the light-front form of the theory have not been obtained so far. The primary obstacle is the apparent difficulty with light-front quantization of free massless fermions, where one half of the fermionic degrees of freedom seems to “disappear” due to the structure of a non-dynamical constraint equation. We shall show a simple way how the missing degree of freedom can be recovered as the massless limit of the massive solution of the constraint. This opens the door to the genuine light front solution of the above models since their solvability is related to free Heisenberg fields, which are the true dynamical variables in these models. In the present contribution, we give an operator solution of the light front Thirring model, including the correct form of the interacting quantum currents and of the Hamiltonian. A few remarks on the light-front Thirring–Wess models are also added. Simplifications and clarity of the light-front formalism turn out to be quite remarkable.

Keywords

Dirac Equation Solvable Model Operator Solution Massive Solution Massless Limit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of PhysicsSlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical PhysicsJINRDubnaRussia
  3. 3.LUPMUniversité Montpellier IIMontpellier Cedex 05France

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