Chemokines, receptors, and their role in cardiovascular pathology
- Cite this article as:
- Wang, J.M., Su, S., Oppenheim, J.J. et al. Int J Clin Lab Res (1998) 28: 83. doi:10.1007/s005990050024
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A superfamily of leukocyte chemotactic proteins, known as chemokines, has been identified during the past decade. Chemokines selectively attract and activate different leukocyte subpopulations and are key mediators of a variety of patho-physiological states, including hematopoiesis, inflammation, infection, allergy, atheroslerosis, reperfusion injury, as well as malignant tumors. Chemokines bind and activate a number of specific or promiscuous, G-protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptors. Some of these receptors are utilized by human immuno-deficiency virus type 1 as essential fusion co-factors. Further understanding of the role of chemokines and their receptors in host defense will help develop means by which the beneficial versus detrimental effects of these molecules can be balanced.