Idiopathic segmental infarction of the greater omentum successfully treated by laparoscopy: Report of case
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Idiopathic or spontaneous segmental infarction of the greater omentum (ISIGO) is a rare cause of acute rightsided abdominal pain. The symptoms simulate acute appendicitis in 66% of cases and cholecystitis in 22%. Progressive peritonitis usually dictates laparotomy, and an accurate diagnosis is rarely made before surgery. The etiology of the hemorrhagic necrosis is unknown, but predisposing factors such as anatomic variations in the blood supply to the right free omental end, obesity, trauma, overeating, coughing, and a sudden change in position may play a role in the pathogenesis. We present herein the case of a 37-year-old man in whom ISIGO, precipitated by obesity and overeating, was successfully diagnosed and treated by laparoscopy. Resection of the necrotic part of the greater omentum is the therapy of choice, and ensures fast recovery and pain control. Serohemorrhagic ascites is a common finding in ISIGO, and careful exploration of the whole abdominal cavity should be performed. The laparoscopic approach allows both exploration and surgical intervention.
Key Wordsacute abdomen infarction greater omentum laparoscopy
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