Conversion surgery only for highly selected patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer: a satisfactory outcome in exchange for a lower resection rate
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The purpose of this study is to clarify the resection rate, safety, and significance of conversion surgery for highly selected patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer (URPca).
We studied 434 URPca patients. Conversion surgery was permitted only for patients who met following requirements: responders to first-line therapy, showing sufficient reduction of the local tumor to enable complete resection, at least 6 months of disease control, and no metastatic lesions detected on radiological examinations (for patients with metastatic disease). The overall survival (OS) was compared between patients who underwent surgery and those who did not. Furthermore, a multivariate analysis was performed to identify possible predictive factors for both total patients with URPca and responders.
Conversion surgery was performed in 18 patients (4.1%). The pathologically complete resection rate was 88.9% (16/18). The median operative time, blood loss, and hospitalization duration were 450 min, 780 ml, and 29 days, respectively. The OS was significantly better in patients who underwent surgery than in those who did not. In a multivariate analysis, conversion surgery was shown to be significantly correlated with the OS both in total patients and responders.
A satisfactory outcome was achieved for highly selected patients with URPca in exchange for a lower resection rate (4.1%).
KeywordsUnresectable pancreatic cancer Conversion surgery Resection rate
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest.
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