Training for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy
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In recent years, laparoscopic procedures have developed rapidly, and the reports of laparoscopic pancreatic resection including laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) have increased in number. Although LPD is a complex procedure with high mortality, the training system for LPD remains unestablished. Ensuring patient safety is extremely important, even in challenging surgeries such a LPD. At present, several tools have been developed for surgical education to ensure patient safety preoperatively, such as video learning, virtual reality simulators, and cadaver training. Although LPD is reported as a safe and feasible choice, LPD is still a challenging operation. An LPD training system should be established with a board-certified system.
KeywordsLaparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy Training Education Learning curve
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Tamotsu Kuroki and the other co-authors have no conflicts of interest.
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