Surgery Today

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 103–107 | Cite as

Training for laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy

  • Tamotsu KurokiEmail author
  • Hikaru Fujioka
Review Article


In recent years, laparoscopic procedures have developed rapidly, and the reports of laparoscopic pancreatic resection including laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) have increased in number. Although LPD is a complex procedure with high mortality, the training system for LPD remains unestablished. Ensuring patient safety is extremely important, even in challenging surgeries such a LPD. At present, several tools have been developed for surgical education to ensure patient safety preoperatively, such as video learning, virtual reality simulators, and cadaver training. Although LPD is reported as a safe and feasible choice, LPD is still a challenging operation. An LPD training system should be established with a board-certified system.


Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy Training Education Learning curve 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Tamotsu Kuroki and the other co-authors have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Nagasaki Medical CenterNational Hospital OrganizationOmuraJapan

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