Serum calcitonin reference values for calcium stimulation tests by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay in Japanese men with non-medullary thyroid carcinoma
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Calcitonin is the most sensitive tumor marker of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and a calcium stimulation test is used to improve this sensitivity. In Japan, the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) is currently the only test performed to measure serum calcitonin. There is a gender difference in the reference value of serum calcitonin; however, a reference upper limit for use with ECLIA has been reported only for women, but not for men.
We conducted the calcium stimulation test using ECLIA in 21 men with non-medullary thyroid carcinoma (non-MTC), before and after total thyroidectomy.
Preoperatively, the basal calcitonin values were within normal limits in all patients. They increased to a mean value of 37.6 pg/mL after calcium stimulation, and we calculated that the reference upper limit was 83.7 pg/mL. The stimulation test results after total thyroidectomy showed undetectable basal and stimulated calcitonin values in every patient (<0.5 pg/mL).
To our knowledge, this is the first study to calculate reference values for this stimulation test using an ECLIA in men with non-MTC. We propose that men can be regarded as biochemically cured or as having normal serum calcitonin values when the stimulated calcitonin values obtained by ECLIA are <83.7 pg/mL before and <0.5 pg/mL after total thyroidectomy.
KeywordsCalcitonin Calcium stimulation Medullary thyroid carcinoma Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) Male
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We have no conflict of interest to disclose.
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