Surgery Today

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 777–782 | Cite as

Systematic review of the implementation of simulation training in surgical residency curriculum

  • Yo KurashimaEmail author
  • Satoshi Hirano
Review Article



We reviewed the literature regarding the specific methods and strategies for implementing simulation-based training into the modern surgical residency curriculum. Residency programs are still struggling with how best to implement it into their curricula from a practical viewpoint.


A systematic review was performed using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and other resources for studies involving the use of simulation for technical skills training in the surgical residency curriculum. Studies were selected based on the integration of simulation into the curriculum and/or a description of the details of implementation and the resources required.


In total, 2533 unique citations were retrieved based on this search, and 31 articles met the inclusion criteria. Most simulators were focused on laparoscopic procedures, and training occurred most often in a skills lab. The assessment of skills consisted mostly of speed of task completion. Only 4 studies addressed issues of cost, and 6 programs mentioned human resources without any mention of skills center personnel or administrative support.


All of the studies described the nature of the simulation training, but very few commented on how it was actually implemented and what was needed from organizational, administrative and logistical perspectives.


Surgical education Simulation training Simulation center Skill laboratory 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterological Surgery IIHokkaido University Graduate School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  2. 2.Hokkaido University Clinical Simulation CenterHokkaido University Graduate School of MedicineSapporoJapan

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