Clinicopathological factors predicting R0 resection and long-term survival after esophagectomy in patients with T4 esophageal cancer undergoing induction chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy
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To identify clinicopathological factors predicting R0 resection and long-term survival after esophagectomy in patients with T4 esophageal cancer following induction chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.
Of 48 patients with T4 esophageal cancer who underwent induction treatment, 30 underwent R0 esophagectomy. The factors predicting R0 resection and prognostic indicators were assessed in the 48 and 30 patients, respectively, using univariate and multivariate analyses.
In the univariate analyses, the primary tumor response, improvement of dysphagia, the post-induction therapy Glasgow Prognostic Score, an early tumor response and the post-induction therapy serum albumin and C-reactive protein levels were significantly correlated with R0 resection. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that the response status and improvement of dysphagia were independent predictors of R0 resection. The univariate analyses identified a yp-T classification (yp-T0/1 vs. yp-T2/3/4), yp-nodal status and the number of pathologically positive nodes post-therapy (≤1 vs. ≥2) as significant prognostic factors. The multivariate analysis revealed that the number of pathologically positive nodes was the only significant independent prognostic indicator.
Patients showing an early tumor response to induction treatment and improvement of dysphagia may be appropriate candidates for esophagectomy, and individualized postoperative management strategies should be developed for patients with initially unresectable T4 esophageal cancer who have ≥2 positive nodes post-treatment.
KeywordsT4 esophageal cancer Induction therapy R0 resection Chemoradiotherapy
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